LC
Superb Sunbird Cinnyris superbus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Cinnyris superbus (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously placed in the genus Nectarinia and listed as N. superba following Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993); Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993).

 

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 17 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,090,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be uncommon to common (Fry and Keith 2004).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau U Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Angola Camabatela
Angola Chongoroi
Angola Gabela
Angola Luachimo River (Chitato)
Angola Maiombe
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Luki Forest Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Ngiri
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Salonga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lomako - Yekokora
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Okapi Faunal Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Maiko National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains
Central African Republic Zémongo Faunal Reserve
Central African Republic Bangui
Central African Republic Ngotto
Central African Republic Dzanga-Ndoki National Park
Congo Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex
Congo Odzala National Park complex
Congo Dimonika Biosphere Reserve
Congo Lower Kouilou basin
Congo Conkouati National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Peko Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Parc National de Taï et Réserve de faune du N'Zo
Côte d'Ivoire Mopri Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves
Cameroon Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary
Cameroon Santchou Faunal Reserve
Cameroon Korup National Park
Cameroon Bakossi mountains
Cameroon Mont Nlonako
Cameroon Mount Rata and Rumpi Hills Forest Reserve
Cameroon Mount Kupe
Cameroon Yabassi
Cameroon Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge
Cameroon Mbam Minkom - Kala
Cameroon Dja Faunal Reserve
Cameroon Boumba - Bek
Cameroon Campo Ma'an complex
Cameroon Nki
Cameroon Lobéké National Park
Gabon Gamba Protected Areas Complex
Gabon Lopé Faunal Reserve
Gabon Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve
Gabon Minkébé Forest Reserve
Gabon Ogooué delta and Mandji island
Gabon Léconi grasslands
Ghana Ankasa Resource Reserve - Nini-Sushien National Park
Ghana Atewa Range Forest Reserve
Ghana Bia National Park and Resource Reserve
Ghana Boin Tano Forest Reserve
Ghana Bosomtwe Range Forest Reserve
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve
Ghana Nsuensa Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve
Ghana Bui National Park
Guinea Massif du Ziama
Guinea Diécké
Equatorial Guinea Monte Alen National Park
Kenya Busia grasslands
Liberia Wologizi mountains
Liberia Wonegizi mountains
Liberia Nimba mountains
Liberia Lake Piso (Cape Mount)
Liberia Zwedru
Liberia Cestos - Senkwen
Liberia Grebo
Nigeria Okomu National Park
Nigeria Cross River National Park (Oban Division)
Nigeria Omo Forest Reserve
Nigeria IITA Forest Reserve, Ibadan
Nigeria Kagoro - Nindam Forest Reserves and vicinity
Sierra Leone Kambui Hills Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Gola Forests
Tanzania Minziro Forest Reserve
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Uganda Kibale National Park
Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George
Uganda Semliki National Park
Uganda Mabira Forest Reserve
Uganda Sango Bay area
Uganda Budongo Forest Reserve
Uganda Murchison Falls National Park
Uganda Kasyoha-Kitomi Forest Reserve
Ghana Kalakpa Resource Reserve
Ghana Kyabobo National Park
Uganda Bugoma Central Forest Reserve

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Cinnyris superbus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022.