LC
Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 38 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,310,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be rare in the western Himalayas to quite common in the eastern Himalayan foothills, lower Kachin hills and Hukawng valley in northern Burma (Harrap and Quinn 1996). Brazil (2009 has estimated the population in China at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is estimated to be in decline following recorded declines attributed to habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Indonesia N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Malaysia N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Laos Dong Ampham
Laos Hin Namno
Laos Nam Et
Laos Nam Xam
Laos Eastern Bolikhamxay Mountains
Laos Nakai Plateau
Laos Nakai-Nam Theun
Nepal Chitwan National Park
Vietnam Ke Go
Vietnam Kon Ka Kinh
Vietnam Phong Dien
Vietnam Vu Quang
Vietnam Kon Cha Rang
Vietnam Bach Ma
Vietnam Ban Bung
Vietnam Sinh Long
Vietnam Ban Thi - Xuan Lac
Vietnam Tam Dao
Vietnam Cuc Phuong
Vietnam Khe Net
Vietnam Phong Nha
Vietnam Ke Bang
Vietnam Truong Son
Vietnam Pu Mat
Vietnam Ngoc Linh
Vietnam Kon Plong
Vietnam Tay Con Linh
Vietnam Du Gia
Vietnam Van Ban
Nepal Mai Valley forests
Thailand Huai Kha Khaeng
Thailand Kaeng Krachan
Thailand Khao Soi Dao
Thailand Khao Yai
Thailand Mae Wong
Thailand Thung Yai - Naresuan

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Melanochlora sultanea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2022.