Sulphur-breasted Parakeet Aratinga maculata


Justification of Red List Category
Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Population justification

Distribution and population

Aratinga maculata (previously named pintoi; see Nemésio and Rasmussen 2009) has a fragmented range in Pará and Amapá in Brazil, and extreme southern Suriname (e.g. Silveira et al. 2005, Mittermeier et al. 2010, Vieira da Costa et al. 2011). Following a three-day survey in 2003, Silveira et al. (2005) state that A. maculata was a fairly common at Monte Alegre, Pará. Likewise, in Suriname the species has been characterised as uncommon to fairly common (O’Shea 2005, Mittermeier et al. 2010).


The species inhabits areas with large tracts of forest and adjacent savanna (O’Shea 2005, Mittermeier et al. 2010).


The range of this species is affected by deforestation, as driven primarily by the expansion of agriculture as new roads are constructed; however, deforestation in Brazil may actually be benefitting this species and facilitating its spread to new areas (Vieira da Costa et al. 2011). In the long term, deforestation may become so rapid and extensive that the balance of extensive forest tracts and savanna required by the species will be surpassed and the species could start to decline. Silveira et al. (2005) state that at Monte Alegre, Pará, there are no obvious indications of heavy trapping pressure. Likewise, Mittermeier et al. (2010) state that no reports were made of any hunting or trapping of the species by Amerindians in the Sipaliwini Savanna of southern Suriname.

Conservation actions



Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J., Mahood, S., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A. & Taylor, J.

Arndt, T., Gilardi, J., Gilardi, J., Laranjeiras, T., Orsi, T., Pracontal, N., Santos, M., Silveira, L. & Zimmer, K.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Aratinga maculata. Downloaded from on 24/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/03/2023.