Sulawesi Woodcock Scolopax celebensis


Justification of Red List Category
This poorly known species is likely to have a moderately small population given its altitudinal preferences and apparent scarcity. Although population trends are poorly known, it is likely to be in decline, primarily owing to habitat degradation. It is consequently classified as Near Threatened.

Population justification
Population numbers are not known.

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends; however, habitat degradation and predation by feral cats are suspected to be causing a decline.

Distribution and population

Scolopax celebensis is restricted to Sulawesi (not the south-east peninsula but a recent record from the east peninsula), Indonesia, although it is known from very few localities (BirdLife International 2001). It is possibly fairly common and overlooked in appropriate habitat. There have been few recent records, although it has been recorded in Lore Lindu National Park in 2000 (close to Hanggira village) and at Tomado in 2001 (Mole and Wangko 2006), there must be concern that it is local, and declining.


It inhabits montane forest and bamboo thickets at 1,700-2,300 m, possibly down to 1,100 m. The 2001 reports came from a small stream.


It is possibly affected by habitat disturbance and loss, and even by the spread of feral cats into montane Sulawesi. As a species of montane habitats, it is potentially impacted by the effects of projected climate change.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
It occurs in Lore Lindu National Park.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct surveys to estimate the size of the population and the extent of its distribution. Investigate its tolerance of degraded forest and the extent of predation by feral cats. Protect large areas of unlogged montane forest in areas where it occurs.


Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Scolopax celebensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022.