Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus


Bergin, D., Chng, S. C., Eaton, J. A. and Shepherd, C. R. 2018. The final straw? An overview of Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus trade in Indonesia. Bird Conservation International 28(1): 128-132.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened Birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Brickle, N. W., Eaton, J. and Rheindt, F. E. 2010. A rapid bird survey of the Menyapa mountains, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forktail 26: 31-41.

Burner, Ryan & Chua, Vivien & L. Brady, Matthew & van Els, Paul & Steinhoff, Philip & Abdul Rahman, Mustafa & Sheldon, Frederick. 2016. An ornithological survey of Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 128: 242-254.

Chiok, W., Ng, E., Tang, Q., Lee, J. and Rheindt, F.E. 2020. A distance sampling survey of the Critically Endangered Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus in Singapore. Bird Conservation International 2020: 1-13.

Chiok, W.X., Miller, A.E., Pang, S.E.H., Eaton, J.A., Rao M. and Rheindt, F.E. 2019. Regional and local extirpation of a formerly common Sundaic passerine, the Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus. Forktail 35: 3-11.

Chng, S. C. L.; Shepherd, C. R.; Eaton, J. A. 2018. In the market for extinction: birds for sale at selected outlets in Sumatra. TRAFFIC Bulletin 30(1): 15-22.

Chng, S.C.L., Eaton, J.A., Krishnasamy, K., Shepherd, C.R. and Nijman, V. 2015. In the market for extinction: an inventory of Jakarta’s bird markets. Traffic, Petaling Jaya.

Chng, S.C.L., Lee, J.G.H. and Shepherd, C.R. 2016. The conservation status, legal protection and assessment of the trade in Straw-headed Bulbuls Pycnonotus zeylanicus in Singapore. Traffic Bulletin 28(2): 49-52.

Eaton, J. A., Shepherd, C. R., Rheindt, F. E., Harris, J. B. C., van Balen, S. B., Wilcove, D. S. & Collar, N. J. 2015. Trade-driven extinctions and near-extinctions of avian taxa in Sundaic Indonesia. Forktail 31: 1-12.

Fischer, J.H., Boyd, N.S., Maruly, A., Van der Kaaden, A., Husson, S.J., and Sihite, J. 2016. An inventory of the avifauna of the Bukit Batikap Protection Forest, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forktail 32: 26-35.

Fishpool, L., Tobias, J. & Sharpe, C.J. 2018. Straw-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus zeylanicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Available at: (Accessed: 16 August 2018).

Harris, J. B. C., Green, J. M. H., Prawiradilaga, D. M., Giam, X., Giyanto, Hikmatullah, D., Putra, C. A. & Wilcove, D. S. 2015. Using market data and expert opinion to identify overexploited species in the wild bird trade. Biological Conservation 187: 51–60.

Holmes, D. A. 1997. Kalimantan bird report. Kukila: 141-169.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Jepson, P.; Prana, M.; Sujatnika; Amama, F. 2008. Developing a certification system for captive-bred birds in Indonesia. TRAFFIC Bulletin 22(1): 7-9.

Keita, S. Y. C., Jain, A., Lim, G., Tan, T., and Li, Y. D. 2019. Straw-headed Bulbul Conservation Planning Workshop Report. Organised by Nature Society (Singapore) in collaboration with BirdLife International and the Oriental Bird Club. Supported by Mapletree Investments.. Singapore.

Marshall, H., Collar, N.J., Lees, A.C., Moss, A., Yuda, P. and Marsden, S.J. 2020. Spatio-temporal dynamics of consumer demand driving the Asian songbird crisis. Biological Conservation 241: 108237. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108237.

Nash, S. V. 1993. Sold for a Song: The Trade in Southeast Asian Non-CITES Birds. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK.

Rentschlar, K.A., Miller, A.E., Lauck, K.S., Rodiansyah, M., Bobby, Mufihati, Kartikawati. 2018. A Silent Morning: The Songbird Trade in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Tropical Conservation Science:

Shepherd, C.R., Shepherd, L. A. and Foley, K-E. 2013. Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus: legal protection and enforcement action in Malaysia. BirdlingASIA 19(20): 92-94.

van Balen, B. 1999. Birds on fragmented islands: persistence in the forests of Java and Bali. Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen.

Wells, D. R. 2007. Birds of the Thai-Malay peninsula, volume 2: passerines. Christopher Helm, London.

Yong, D.L, Lim, K.S., Lim, K.C., Tan, T., Teo, S., Ho, H.C. 2018. Significance of the globally threatened Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus populations in Singapore: a last straw for the species? Birds Conservation International 28: 133-144.

Yong, D.L., Lim, K.S, Lim, K.C, Tan, T., Teo, S., & Ho, H. 2018. Significance of the globally threatened Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus populations in Singapore: A last straw for the species? Bird Conservation International 28(1): 133-144.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Asian Songbird Trade Specialist Group

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Pycnonotus zeylanicus. Downloaded from on 11/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 11/08/2022.