LC
Stock Dove Columba oenas



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 21,400,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 15,100,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1400000-2600000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.3 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 561,000-1,040,000 pairs, which equates to 1,120,000-2,070,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.80% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 1,400,000-2,600,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe the overall trend from 1980-2013 shows a moderate increase (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait V Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan V Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Libya V Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman V Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Zachodniaja Biarezina
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Romania Lake Taşaul
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia River Mura
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Sweden Kullaberg
Sweden Lake Solgen
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Sweden Båtfors – Bredfors
Sweden Dannemora
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Greece Kythira island
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Finland Ruissalo
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Russia (European) Racheyski forest
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Vad river
Spain River Moros
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes
Spain Llobregat delta
Spain Mountains of Barcelona
Spain Sobrón canyon
Spain Cortados del Jarama
Spain Peñagolosa
Spain Turia canyon and Los Serranos
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges
Spain Roncesvalles-Irati-Abodi mountain range
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Gorgany
France Ile de la Platière
France Montagne de la Serre
Italy Vico lake
Italy Palude e Tombolo di Bolgheri
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Czechia Jeseniky mountains
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia Doupov hills
Serbia Fruska gora
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Sysľovské fields
Slovakia Veľká Fatra
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia Danube floodplains
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Chočské hills
Slovakia Tríbeč
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Lešť
Slovakia Spišská Magura
Slovakia Vihorlat
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolické hills
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Derdap gorge
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Austria Lobau
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Machland
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Poland Gorce mountains
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Niers valley
Germany Hellwegbörde
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Westerzgebirge around Carlsfeld
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Sächsische Schweiz National Park
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Dalum Wietmarscher swamp
Germany Georgsdorfer swamp
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Knüll
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim
Russia (European) Andreyaul'ski reserve
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtuguz Lake
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Col de Lizarrieta
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Col de l'Escrinet
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Forêt domaniale de la Harth
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Forêts du Perche
France Bassigny
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre
France Forêt de Chaux
France Marais de Fontenay-le-Vicomte et d'Itteville
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Forêt du Gavre
France La Dombes
France Basse Ardêche
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Plaine du Forez
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river
Russia (European) Kaluzhskiye Zaseki Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Kurmyshskaya flood-land
Turkey İğneada Forests
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e Naz Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Karwendel
Ukraine National Park Stara Guta
Russia (European) Floodplain of the Terek river near Staroshchedrinskaya
Sweden Sjöängen – Svartån
Russia (European) Imeretinskaya lowland
Slovenia Pohorje
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Turkey Terkos Basin
Turkey Uludağ
Turkey Yenice forest
Turkey İlgaz Mountains
Turkey Küre Mountains
Turkey Karçal Mountains
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Lüneburger Heide
Germany Ahlhorner fishponds
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Schönbuch with Spitzberg
Germany Stromberg
Germany Hasbruch
Germany Military training area Munster-Nord
Germany Military training area Munster-Süd
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Mittlerer Rammert
Germany Woodlands of Western Pomerania, eastern range
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Riedforst near Melsungen
Germany Southern Sandstone-Odenwald
Germany Serrahn and Woldegk-Feldberger Hügelland
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Darzlubska Forest
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Poprad Site
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Elblag Height
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Kikepera
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Väinameri
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Karula
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Luitemaa
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves suitable breeding
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves marginal resident
Forest Boreal suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2300 m

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Columba oenas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/10/2021.