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Heather, B.D.; Robertson, H.A. 1997. The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Marchant, S.; Higgins, P. J. 1990. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, 1: ratites to ducks. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
Taylor, G. A. 2000. Action plan for seabird conservation in New Zealand. Department of Conservation, Wellington.
Watt, J. P. C. 1975. Notes on Whero Island and other roosting and breeding stations of the Stewart Island Shag (Leucocarbo carunculatus chalconotus). Notornis 22: 265-272.
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Leucocarbo chalconotus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/12/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/12/2021.