St Helena Hoopoe Upupa antaios


Justification of Red List Category
This species formerly occurred on St Helena, but is now Extinct. It was presumably driven to extinction by hunting soon after the island was discovered in 1502.

Population justification
No extant population remains.

Distribution and population

Upupa antaios was a giant, flightless hoopoe, endemic to St Helena (to UK) (Olson 1975b). It is known only from bones and is thought to have become extinct soon after the discovery of the island in 1502.


Nothing is known, though it is likely to have been similar to the extant Upupa species.


The causes of extinction are unknown (Olson 1975b), but presumably it was hunted to extinction by people and introduced predators.


Text account compilers
Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Upupa antaios. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/11/2019.