LC
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 24,600,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 21,700,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown poor estimated 2012
Population trend increasing - suspected -
Generation length 9 years - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at 130,000-800,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 1,100-1,600 pairs, which equates to 2,100-3,200 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat (del Hoyo et al. 1996). The European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Angola extant vagrant
Bahrain extant vagrant yes
Belgium extant vagrant
Benin extant native
Bulgaria extant vagrant
Burkina Faso extant native
Burundi extant native
Cameroon extant native
Cape Verde extant vagrant
Central African Republic extant native
Chad extant native
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native
Côte d'Ivoire extant native
Croatia extant vagrant
Cyprus extant native yes
Czechia extant vagrant
Djibouti extant native
Egypt extant native yes
Eritrea extant native
Ethiopia extant native
Gabon extant vagrant
Gambia extant native
Germany extant vagrant
Ghana extant native
Greece extant native yes
Guinea extant native
Guinea-Bissau extant native
Hungary extant vagrant
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes
Iraq extant native yes
Israel extant native yes
Italy extant vagrant
Jordan extant native yes
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant vagrant yes
Lebanon extant native yes
Liberia extant vagrant
Malawi extant native yes
Mali extant native
Malta extant vagrant
Mauritania extant native
Montenegro extant vagrant
Niger extant native
Nigeria extant native
North Macedonia extant native yes
Oman extant native yes
Palestine extant native
Qatar extant vagrant
Romania extant vagrant
Rwanda extant native
Saudi Arabia extant native yes
Senegal extant native
Serbia extant vagrant
Sierra Leone extant native
Slovakia extant vagrant
Somalia extant native
South Sudan extant native yes
Spain extant vagrant yes
Sudan extant native
Syria extant native yes
Tanzania extant native
Togo extant native
Türkiye extant native yes
Uganda extant native
Ukraine extant vagrant
United Arab Emirates extant vagrant yes
Yemen extant native yes
Zambia extant vagrant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Türkiye Marmara Lake
Türkiye Bafa Lake
Türkiye Sultan Marsh
Türkiye Seyfe Lake
Türkiye Ereğli Plain
Türkiye Eşmekaya Marshes
Türkiye Hotamış Marshes
Türkiye Göksu Delta
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Evros delta
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Egypt Lake Manzala
Egypt Lake Qarun Protected Area
Egypt Wadi El Natrun
Kenya Lake Turkana
Türkiye Ceyhan Delta
Türkiye Seyhan Delta
Türkiye Burdur Lake
Türkiye Karataş Lake
Türkiye Acıgöl Lake
Türkiye Lesser Menderes Delta
Türkiye Gediz Delta
Cyprus Paralimni Lake
Cyprus Oroklini Lake
Cyprus Famagusta Lakes
Cyprus Mia Milia Sewage Treatment Plant
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Vanellus spinosus. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/spur-winged-lapwing-vanellus-spinosus on 01/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 01/03/2024.