LC
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 20,100,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 20,800,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as widespread and common throughout most of its range (Madge and McGowan 2002).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Chad N Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Mali N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Niger N Extant
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey V Extant
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Registan desert
Algeria Belezma
Algeria Béni Abbès
Algeria Djebel Aissa
Algeria Parc National de l'Ahaggar
Algeria Parc National du Tassili N'Ajjer
Djibouti Lac Abhé
Egypt Ain Sukhna
Egypt Gebel Maghara
Egypt Quseima
Egypt Wadi Gerafi
Eritrea Dehalak Archipelago and offshore islands
Eritrea Gulf of Zula
Eritrea Massawa coast
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iraq Central Marshes
Iraq Haditha Wetlands and Baghdadi
Iraq Jazman (Zurbatia)
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iraq Teeb Oasis and Zubaidaat
Iraq Wadi Al-W’eir & Sh'eeb Abu-Talha
Iraq West Hammar
Jordan Azraq
Jordan Dana
Libya Ghat oases
Libya Zallaf
Mauritania Chegga
Mauritania El Mréiti
Mauritania Tamreïkat
Morocco Baie d'Ad Dakhla
Morocco Dakhla area
Morocco Jbel Krouz
Morocco Merzouga/Tamezguidat
Morocco Msseyed
Morocco Oued Mird
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Morocco Piste de Tagdilt
Niger NNR Aïr - Ténéré
Sudan Khor Arba'at
Sudan Mukawwar island and Dunganab bay
Sudan Um Badr lake
Tunisia Chott Djerid
Tunisia Douz Laâla
Tunisia Ghidma
Tunisia Jbil
Tunisia Plaines de Kairouan
Tunisia Sebkhet Nouaïel
Tunisia Snam
Tunisia Steppe de Gafsa

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot major breeding
Desert Hot major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Pterocles senegallus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/10/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/10/2019.