LC
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,360,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 62,800,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend stable suspected -
Generation length (years) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.110,000-270,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 20,500-54,000 pairs, which equates to 41,000-108,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). National population estimates include: < c.10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (BirdLife International 2015, Wetlands International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan extant native yes
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native
Angola extant vagrant
Antigua and Barbuda extant vagrant
Armenia extant native
Australia extant vagrant
Austria extant native
Azerbaijan extant native
Bahrain extant native yes yes
Bangladesh extant native
Barbados extant vagrant
Belarus extant native
Belgium extant native yes
Benin extant native
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native
Botswana extant vagrant
Brunei extant native
Bulgaria extant native yes
Burkina Faso extant native
Burundi extant native
Cambodia extant vagrant
Cameroon extant native
Canada extant vagrant
Cape Verde extant vagrant
Chad extant native
China (mainland) extant native yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native
Côte d'Ivoire extant native
Croatia extant native yes
Cyprus extant native
Czechia extant native yes
Denmark extant native yes
Djibouti extant vagrant
Dominica extant vagrant
Egypt extant native
Eritrea extant native
Estonia extant native
Ethiopia extant native
Finland extant native yes yes
France extant native yes yes
Gambia extant native
Georgia extant native
Germany extant native yes yes
Ghana extant native
Greece extant native yes yes
Guadeloupe (to France) extant vagrant
Guam (to USA) extant uncertain
Guinea extant native
Guinea-Bissau extant native
Hong Kong (China) extant native
Hungary extant native yes
India extant native
Indonesia extant native
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes yes
Ireland extant native yes
Israel extant native
Italy extant native yes yes
Japan extant native
Jordan extant native yes
Kazakhstan extant native
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant native yes yes
Kyrgyzstan extant native
Laos extant native
Latvia extant native
Lebanon extant vagrant yes
Liberia extant vagrant
Libya extant native
Liechtenstein extant vagrant
Luxembourg extant vagrant
Malawi extant vagrant
Malaysia extant native
Maldives extant vagrant
Mali extant native
Malta extant native
Martinique (to France) extant vagrant
Mauritania extant native
Micronesia, Federated States of extant vagrant
Moldova extant native yes
Mongolia extant native
Montenegro extant native yes
Montserrat (to UK) extant vagrant
Morocco extant native
Mozambique extant vagrant
Myanmar extant native
Nepal extant native
Netherlands extant native yes
Niger extant native
Nigeria extant native
North Korea extant native
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant native yes yes
Oman extant native yes yes
Pakistan extant native
Palestine extant native yes yes
Poland extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Qatar extant native yes
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes yes
Russia (Asian) extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes yes
Russia (European) extant native yes
Rwanda extant native
Saudi Arabia extant native yes yes
Senegal extant native
Serbia extant native yes
Seychelles extant native
Singapore extant native
Slovakia extant native
Slovenia extant native yes
Somalia extant native
South Africa extant vagrant
South Korea extant native
South Sudan extant native yes
Spain extant native yes
Sri Lanka extant native
St Kitts and Nevis extant vagrant
St Lucia extant vagrant
St Vincent and the Grenadines extant vagrant
Sudan extant native
Sweden extant native yes yes
Switzerland extant native
Syria extant native yes yes
Taiwan, China extant native
Tajikistan extant native
Tanzania extant native
Thailand extant native yes
Timor-Leste extant vagrant
Togo extant vagrant
Trinidad and Tobago extant vagrant
Tunisia extant native
Türkiye extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native
Uganda extant native
Ukraine extant native yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes yes
United Kingdom extant native yes yes
USA extant vagrant
Uzbekistan extant native
Vietnam extant native yes
Yemen extant native yes yes
Zambia extant vagrant
Zimbabwe extant vagrant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Sweden Tavvavouma
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Kevo
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Syvash Bay
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Camargue
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Ghana Densu Delta Ramsar Site and vicinity
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site
Ghana Sakumo Lagoon Ramsar Site and vicinity
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Niger Mozagué reservoir
Nigeria Hadejia-Nguru wetlands
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Vietnam Nghia Hung
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve
Thailand Nong Bong Kai
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand
China (mainland) Lianyungang saltworks
Pakistan Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary
Russia (Asian) Tyk and Viakhtu bays
Russia (Asian) North-east Sakhalin lagoons
Vietnam Tien Lang
Vietnam Xuan Thuy
South Korea Cheonsu Bay
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of headwaters of the river Schuchya
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Dollart
Germany Hauke-Haien Koog
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Prut river flood-plain - Vlădeşti - Frumuşiţa
Romania Buhuşu reservoir - Bacău - Tătărăşti
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama
Norway Varanger Peninsula
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Norway Øvre Anárjohka
Norway Reisa
Netherlands Wadden Sea
South Sudan Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system)
Montenegro Ulcinj saltpans
Russia (Asian) Chelomdzha valley and Kava-Chelomdzha interfluve
Russia (Asian) Kolyma delta
Russia (Asian) Gusikha river basin and lower Balakhnya river

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subarctic suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of ground water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - international non-trivial recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Tringa erythropus. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/spotted-redshank-tringa-erythropus on 23/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 23/09/2023.