LC
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,360,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 62,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.110,000-270,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 20,500-54,000 pairs, which equates to 41,000-108,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). National population estimates include: < c.10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (BirdLife International 2015, Wetlands International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola V Extant
Antigua and Barbuda V Extant
Armenia N Extant
Australia V Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados V Extant
Belarus N Extant
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana V Extant
Brunei N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia V Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada V Extant
Cape Verde V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Djibouti V Extant
Dominica V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) V Extant
Guam (to USA) U Extant
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Liberia V Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Malawi V Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives V Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Martinique (to France) V Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) V Extant
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique V Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestine N Extant Yes Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Slovakia N Extant
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa V Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis V Extant
St Lucia V Extant
St Vincent and the Grenadines V Extant
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant Yes
Timor-Leste V Extant
Togo V Extant
Trinidad and Tobago V Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
USA V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vietnam N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia V Extant
Zimbabwe V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs
Sweden Tavvavouma
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Sweden River Dal – Håvran
Sweden River Klingaälv – Lake Kranke
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Lake Ralången – Lake Hyllingen
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Lake Amvrakia
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Balgzand
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Dollard
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Litokaira
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland South-eastern Kittilä mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Surroundings of Kiyesh'yaur lake
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Ukraine Syvash Bay
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Domaine d'Orx
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Goulven
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Brenne centrale
France Etang de Biguglia
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Camargue
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Vallée de la Loire : confluence Loire-Vienne
France Basse vallée de L'Indre
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Cap Gris-nez
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Plaine du Forez
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Dundrum Inner Bay
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Martin Mere
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Breydon Water
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Grado and Marano lagoon
Czechia Dehtár pond
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Norway Inner Porsangerfjord
Poland Vistula river mouth
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Sweden Påkketan
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Ammersee
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Jadebusen, inland
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Spreewald
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Croatia Kopacki Rit Special Zoological Reserve
Ghana Densu Delta Ramsar Site and vicinity
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site
Ghana Sakumo Lagoon Ramsar Site and vicinity
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Niger Mozagué reservoir
Nigeria Hadejia-Nguru wetlands
Vietnam Nghia Hung
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve
Thailand Nong Bong Kai
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand
China (mainland) Lianyungang saltworks
Pakistan Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary
Russia (Asian) Tyk and Viakhtu bays
Russia (Asian) North-east Sakhalin lagoons
Vietnam Tien Lang
Vietnam Xuan Thuy
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area
South Korea Cheonsu Bay
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of headwaters of the river Schuchya
Russia (Central Asian) Kazanskaya flood-plain of the Ishim river
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Rade de Lorient
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Marais de Manteyer
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
Russia (Central Asian) Mandesarskoye reservoir
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iraq Musayab
Iraq Haur Al Hammar
Israel Carmel coast
Israel Judean foothills
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Netherlands Markiezaat
Ukraine Gerojsk Lakes
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Niger Diffa-Kinzindi grassland and wetlands
Germany Gotteskoogsee
Saudi Arabia Al-Hasa lagoons
Germany Dollart
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Einswarder Plate / Tegeler Plate
Germany Hauke-Haien Koog
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Prut river flood-plain - Vlădeşti - Frumuşiţa
Romania Buhuşu reservoir - Bacău - Tătărăşti
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Poland Barycz river valley
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama
Norway Røst
Norway Varanger Peninsula
Norway Iešjávri
Norway Øvre Anárjohka
Norway Reisa
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Irbe strait
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Greece Evros delta
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Rödkallen – Söräspen Islands
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Mauritania Chott Boul
China (mainland) Luannan coast and saltworks
China (mainland) Huanghua coast (Cangzhou)
China (mainland) Rudong coast
China (mainland) Haifeng wetlands
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
South Sudan Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system)
Albania Narta Lagoon
Albania Drini Delta
Albania Lake Butrinti
Albania Patoku lagoon
Albania Lalzi Bay

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subarctic suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of ground water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Tringa erythropus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022.