LC
Spotted Rail Pardirallus maculatus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2022 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass 171 g
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 28,500,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 7000-18000 mature individuals poor suspected 2011
Population trend stable - suspected -
Generation length 4.14 years - - -

Population justification: The population is suspected to number 11,000-26,700 individuals (Wetlands International 2022), which roughly equates to 7,000-18,000 mature individuals. The species is however easily overlooked and may prove more widespread than currently known (Taylor 2020), so the population size may be substantially larger than assumed here.

Trend justification: The trend is difficult to determine, as some populations may be locally increasing (e.g. in Mexico; Taylor 2020), while others are stable or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2022). Precautionarily the overall population is assessed as being stable.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Argentina extant native yes
Belize extant native yes
Bolivia extant native yes
Brazil extant native yes
Colombia extant native yes
Costa Rica extant native yes
Cuba extant native yes
Dominican Republic extant native yes
Ecuador extant native yes
El Salvador extant native yes
French Guiana extant native yes
Guatemala extant native yes
Haiti extant native yes
Honduras extant native yes
Jamaica extant native yes
Mexico extant native yes
Nicaragua extant native yes
Panama extant native yes
Paraguay extant native yes
Peru extant native yes
Suriname extant native yes
Trinidad and Tobago extant native yes
Uruguay extant native yes
Venezuela extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Pardirallus maculatus. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/spotted-rail-pardirallus-maculatus on 22/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 22/02/2024.