NT
Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis



References

AOU. 1998. Check-list of North American birds. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Blakesley, J. A.; Anderson, D. R.; Noon, B. R. 2006. Breeding dispersal in the California Spotted Owl. Condor 108: 71-81.

Butcher, G. S.; Niven, D. K. 2007. Combining data from the Christmas bird count and the breeding bird survey to determine the continental status and trends of North American birds.

Collar, N. J.; Butchart, S. H. M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

Dickerman, R. W. 1997. Geographic variation in southwestern U.S. and Mexican Spotted Owls, with the description of a new subspecies. In: Dickerman, R.W. (ed.), The era of Allan R. Phillips: a festschrift, pp. 45-48. Horizon Communications, Albuquerque, U.S.A.

Dugger, K.M.; Wagner, F.; Anthony, R. G.; Olson, G.S. 2005. The relationship between habitat characteristics and demographic performance of Northern Spotted Owls in Southern Oregon. Condor 107: 863-878.

Gutiérrez, R. J.; Franklin, A. B.; Lahaye, W. S. 1995. Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis). In: Poole, A.; Gill, F. (ed.), The birds of North America, No. 179, pp. 1-28. The Academy of Natural Sciences, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC.

Ishak, H. D.; Dumbacher, J. P.; Anderson, N. L.; Keane, J. J.; Valkiunas, G.; Haig, S. M.; Tell, L. A.; Sehgal, R. N. M. 2008. Blood parasites in owls with conservation implications for the Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis). PLoS ONE 3(5): e2304.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1988. North American owls: biology and natural history. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. and London.

Kelly, S. G.; Forsman, E.D. 2004. Recent records of hybridization between Barred Owls (Strix varia) and Northern Spotted Owls (Strix occidentalis caurina). The Auk 121: 806-810.

Lammertink, J. M.; Rojas-Tomé, J. A.; Casillas-Orona, F. M.; Otto, R. L. 1996. Status and conservation of old-growth forests and endemic birds in the pine-oak zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Institute for Systematics and Population Biology, Amsterdam.

Noon, B. R.; Blakesley, J. A. 2006. Conservation of the Northern Spotted Owl under the Northwest Forest Plan. Conservation Biology 20: 288-296.

Noon, B. R.; McKelvey, K. S. 1996. Management of the Spotted Owl: A case history in conservation biology. Ann. Rev. Ecol. and Syst. 27, pp. 135-162.

Sibley, C.G.; Monroe, B.L. 1990. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Willey, D. W.; van Riper III, C. 2007. Home range characteristics of Mexican Spotted Owls in the canyonlands of Utah. Journal of Raptor Research 41(1): 10-15.

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Arkive species - Spotted owl (Strix occidentalis) 0

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Strix occidentalis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/10/2017.