LC
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 28,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 49,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 500000-999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 161,000-251,000 calling or lekking males, which equates to 323,000-501,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 55% of the global range so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 590,000-910,000 mature individuals. The population is therefore placed in the band 500,000-999,999 mature individuals. This corresponds well with the latest global population estimate by Wetlands International (2015) of 100,000-1,000,000 individuals.

Trend justification: The overall population trend is estimated to be stable (Wetlands International 2015). The European population trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Mali V Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar V Extant
Namibia V Extant
Nepal V Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger V Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
St Helena (to UK) V Extant
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand V Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda V Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Rezabinec pond
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Carska bara
Azerbaijan Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay
Azerbaijan Akstafa-chai valley
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay
Belarus Balota Zvaniec
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Beresina
Belarus Sož floodplain
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Zachodniaja Biarezina
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Haradzienskaja Svislač
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Lithuania Novaraistis State Ornithological Reserve
Lithuania Zaltytis
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes
Lithuania Viesvile Strict Nature Reserve
Lithuania Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve
Lithuania Zemaitija National Park
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Estonia Mouth of the Emajõgi river and Piirissaar island
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Pape
Latvia Ruja flood-plain
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Comana
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia River Mura
Belgium Bassin de la Haine
Belgium De Dijlevallei
Belgium Vijverkomplex van Midden Limburg
Belgium Gebieden gelegen te Houthalen-Helchteren en Meeuwen-Gruitrode
Belgium Zegge
Belgium De Maatjes, Wuustwezel Heide en Groot Schietveld
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde
Belgium De Maten
Sweden River Svartån
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Bay of Kil
Sweden Lake Östen
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Lake Åsnen
Sweden River Helge
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Dannemora
Sweden Lake Östra Styran
Sweden Bay of Svensksund
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Janów forests
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Swidwie lake
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Zegrzynski reservoir
Poland Dymerskie meadows
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Oswin site
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Slup reservoir
Poland Odra riverine forests
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mati wetland of Tyrnavos
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Netherlands Duinen Terschelling
Netherlands Biesbosch
Netherlands Rottige Meenthe and Brandemeer
Netherlands Weerribben
Netherlands Bargerveen
Netherlands Groote Peel
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Hungary Lake Kis-Balaton
Hungary Pacsmag Lakes of Regöly
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Ipoly Valley
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Kesznyéten
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Hungary Tápió valley
Russia (European) Mouth of Svir river
Russia (European) Central Meschera lake system
Russia (European) Watershed of Tsna and Vysha rivers
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Sura river
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes
Spain Llobregat delta
Spain Eo river estuary-Barayo beach-Ría de Foz
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Bondar marsh
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Forests in Dnipro and Desna valleys
Ukraine Sul's'ka bay
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Supij marsh
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Turiya river valley
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Dranyts'kyj protected locality
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Mzha river valley
Ukraine Bakhtyn river valley
Ukraine Samara river valley
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Brenne centrale
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Etang de Lindre
France Etang des Landes
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Vallée de la Garonne : Boussens à Carbonne
France Vallée de la Garonne : méandre de Grisolles
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Marais de Manteyer
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge)
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Val de Saône
France Domaine d'Orx
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Basse vallée du Var
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
United Kingdom Caithness Lochs
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Nene Washes
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Rinns of Islay
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast
United Kingdom Eoligarry, Barra
United Kingdom Gigha Island and Islets
Italy Iseo peatlands
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Torrile LIPU reserve
Italy Ponte Buriano-Lago della Penna
Italy Vercelli rice-fields
Czechia Zehunský rybník pond
Czechia Poodri
Czechia Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Denmark Skjern Å
Denmark Råbjerg Mile and surrounding heathlands
Denmark Lillebælt
Denmark Stadil Fjord and Veststadil Fjord
Denmark Gribskov Area
Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor
Denmark Furesø and Farum Sø
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Western part of Vejlerne, Arup Holm and Hovsør Røn
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav
Denmark Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen
Denmark Fiilsø
Denmark Bøtø Nor
Denmark Vestamager and adjacent sea area
Serbia Jegricka
Serbia Zasavica
Slovakia Horna Orava
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia River Danube flood-plain
Slovakia Medzibodrozie
Serbia Mala Vrbica
Netherlands Alde Feanen
Netherlands De Wieden
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Denmark Nissum Fjord
Denmark Marstal Bugt and the coast of south-west Langeland
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Poland Barycz river valley
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Putzarer See, Galenbecker See, Brohmer Berge
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Southern Tollense basin
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Lewitz
Germany Schaalsee
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Charlottenhofer Weihergebiet and Hirtlohweiher
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Landgraben-Dumme lowlands
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Herbsleben ponds
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Spreewald
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Eschefeld ponds
Germany Grosshartmannsdorfer Grossteich
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Valley of River Ems
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Dümmer
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Riddagshäuser Teiche
Germany Wendesser moor
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Murnauer Moos and Loisach-Kochel-Moore
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Lowlands of the Rivers Eider, Treene and Sorge
Germany Rodachaue / Itzgrund / Oberes Maintal incl. Nassanger near Trieb and surrounding gravel pits
Germany Federseeried
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Lahn valley from Marburg to Wetzlar
Germany Northern Wetterau
Germany Rothenbach pond
Germany Reichlos pond
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Oldenburger Graben
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Lower Posavina
Lithuania Flooded meadows arround the Senoji & Naujoji Rusne lakes
Lithuania Exploited Sulinkiai peatbog
Lithuania Lake Druksiai
Ukraine Sejm river valley (Vyrky village)
Russia (European) Valley of Zhizdra river
Belarus Prostyr
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Võrtsjärv
Estonia Väinameri
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog
Russia (Central Asian) Busly lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoye Beloye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Muromcevskoje a bog
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river near Lebedevka and Bugrovoye villages
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river between mouths of the Uya and Ubagan rivers
Czechia Bohdanecsky rybnik pond
Russia (Central Asian) Shartymka valley
Russia (European) Podozerskie open pits
Latvia Dubna flood-plain
Latvia Lielupe flood-plain meadows
Latvia Liepaja lake
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Dviete flood-plain
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Aiviekste flood-plain
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Sita and Pededze flood-plain
Latvia Zvarde forest
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Mezole
Latvia Randu meadows
Latvia Svete lower reaches
France Rade de Lorient
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Plaine du Forez
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Iles Finocchiarola et côte de Tamarone à Centuri
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Camargue
France Iles d'Hyères
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Bonne Anse
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Vallée du Fouzon
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Forêt de la Reine
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes
Afghanistan Hari Rud valley
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lavandavil Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex
Lithuania Birveta Fish-farm including segments of Dysna River and Birveta River valleys
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake
Bulgaria Strandzha
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Austria Austrian part of Hanság
Sweden Western part of Lake Mälaren
Sweden Lake Lim
Poland Bubnow Marsh
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Italy Ticino river
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Slowinska Site
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Wkra and Mlawka Rivers Valleys
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Mala Welna River Valley
Poland Podedworze Reservoir
Poland Polesie
Poland Por River Valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Tyszowce Site
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Lake Candia
Italy Lake Viverone
Netherlands Lake Sneekermeer and Goingarijp
Netherlands Lake Oudegaasterbrekken
Netherlands Rijn: Heteren - Amerongen
Netherlands Groote Wielen
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Netherlands Oostelijke Vechtplassen
Netherlands Gelderse Poort
Netherlands Fochteloërveen
Netherlands Duinen Ameland
Netherlands Lake Fluessen, Vogelhoek and Morra
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Slovenia Črete
Slovakia Poiplie
Croatia Neretva Delta
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Vrana Lake and Jasen
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Koitajoki area
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Valli Bolognesi
Italy Lake Massaciuccoli
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Germany Hauke-Haien Koog
Germany Vogelsberg
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Netherlands Duinen Vlieland
Netherlands Waal: Ewijk - Waardenburg
Belarus Dniepr floodplain Lojeŭ-Žary
Netherlands IJssel: IJsselkop - Ketelmeer
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ural and Kindeli rivers
Russia (European) Bryn'
Russia (European) Ressetinskiye floods
Russia (European) Tishskaya Dal' area
Germany Kudensee
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Lukh river between Lukh and Myt villages
Germany Gildehauser Venn
Germany Sewage pond Ida near Othfresen
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Ammersee
Germany Lakes of Schwerin, Dambeck and Warin
Germany Lowlands of River Ems near Lathen
Germany Recknitz and Trebel valley
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Braunschweig sewage farms
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Pfrunger and Burgweiler Ried
Germany Schwarzensee and Kolbenmoor with Kolbensee
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Danube valley between Neuburg and Ingolstadt
Germany Nossentiner-/Schwinzer Heide with Krakower Obersee and Plauer See
Germany Lower reaches of river Warnow
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Elbe valley of Mecklenburg
Germany Selenter See
Germany Rhine flats Altlußheim-Mannheim
Germany Voslapper Groden
Germany Wernauer and Unterensinger gravel pits
Germany Gravel pits Krauchenwies-Zielfingen
Germany Donauried
Germany Wetterau
Germany Schwalmaue around Schwalmstadt
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Mönchbruch of Mörfelden and Rüsselsheim and heath extensions (GG)
Germany Lower Gersprenz lowlands incl. Reinheim pond
Germany Oldenburger Graben and Wesseker See
Germany Elbe lowlands near Bertingen
Germany Wümme lowlands Borgfeld-Fischerhude
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Werra meadows near Bad Salzungen
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Mouth of river Schwarze Elster
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Warder See
Germany Grosser and Kleiner Binnensee
Germany Traveförde and Dassower See
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Gotteskoogsee
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette
Romania Câmpia Cermeiului
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Lake Strachina
Romania Mândra wetlands
United Kingdom South Uist Machair and Lochs
Luxembourg Haff Réimech
Luxembourg Valley of the Syre
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Denmark Hjarbæk Fjord
Denmark Holmegård Mose & Porsmose
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Lithuania Bogged meadows at Ezerelis exploited peatbog
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Kamien Lagoon and Dziwna River
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Puck Bay
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Roztocze
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Brzeszcze ponds
Poland Lower Sola River Valley
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Karas Lake
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Kwiecewo Site
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Peatbogs at Wieprz River
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Irrigation Fields in Wroclaw
Poland Sredzka Struga and Maskawa River Valley
Slovenia Reka valley
Denmark Almindingen
Denmark Hyllekrog-Rødsand and Fehmarn Belt
Denmark Jerup Hede, Råbjerg Mose and Tolshave Mose
Denmark Kallesmærsk Hede, Grærup Langsø and surrounding areas
Denmark Mossø
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Tissø, Lille Åmose and Hallenslev Mose
Italy Punta Alberete, Canna Valley, San Vitale Pinewood, and Pialassa of Baiona
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Riksu coast
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Taarikõnnu-Kaisma
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Vooremaa
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Koigi
Netherlands Leekstermeergebied
Netherlands Zuidlaardermeergebied
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Lahepera lake
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Meenikunno bog
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2420 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Porzana porzana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/08/2020.