LC
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass 164 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,370,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline locally owing to ongoing habitat destruction and fragmentation. The small population in Paraguay is much separated from the main population and may suffer from inbreeding (del Hoyo et al. 2002).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Brazil Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaratuba
Brazil Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande
Brazil Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins
Brazil Fazenda Pindobas IV e Arredores
Brazil Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia
Brazil Ilhabela State Park (Parque Estadual de Ilhabela IBA)
Brazil Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Caraguatatuba e Picinguaba)
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Santos e São Sebastião)
Brazil Parque Estadual do Turvo
Brazil Parque Nacional de Itatiaia
Brazil Parque Nacional do Iguaçu
Brazil Região de Blumenau
Brazil Santa Teresa
Brazil Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis
Brazil Serra da Cantareira
Brazil Serra do Marumbi
Brazil Serra do Tabuleiro State Park (Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro IBA)
Brazil Serra do Tinguá
Brazil Serra dos Órgãos
Brazil Serras das Lontras e do Javi
Brazil Sooretama / Linhares
Paraguay Arroyo Blanco
Paraguay Bosque Mbaracayú
Paraguay Cerro Guazú
Paraguay Estancia Itabó
Paraguay Estancia Muxfeldt
Paraguay Ka'aguy Rory
Paraguay Limoy
Paraguay Parque Nacional Caazapá
Paraguay Parque Nacional San Rafael
Paraguay Refugio Carapá
Paraguay Reserva Itabó - Itaipú
Paraguay Tapyta
Paraguay Ybyturuzú
Paraguay Ypeti

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Selenidera maculirostris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2017.