Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmaea


Anderson, G., Aung, P. P., Clark, N., Hilton, G., Kelly, C., Melville, D. and Phillips, J. 2016. SBS survey in Gulf of Mottama, Myanmar, February 2016. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force - News Bulletin 15: 16-19.

Anon. 2018. Great news for shorebirds! China to halt coastal land reclamation. BirdLife International. Available at: (Accessed: 19th August 2018).

Bai, Q.; Chen, J.; Chen, Z.; Dong, G.; Dong, J.; Dong, W.; Fu, V.W.K.; Han, Y.; Lu, G.; Li, J.; Liu, Y.; Lin, Z.; Meng, D.; Martinez, J.; Ni, G.; Shan, K.; Sun, R.; Tian, S.; Wang, F.; Xu, Z.; Yu, Y.; Yang, J.; Yang, Z.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, M.; Zeng, X.; Chinese Coastal Waterbird Census Group. 2015. Identification of coastal wetlands of international importance for waterbirds: a review of China Coastal Waterbird Surveys 2005–2013. Avian Research 6(12): 1-16.

BANCA. 2012. Targeting hunters to save Spoon-billed Sandpiper. BirdLife International. Available at: (Accessed: 24/07/2015).

BirdLife Asia. 2013. Shorebird trapping threatens new Spoon-billed Sandpiper wintering site in China. Available at:

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Chowdhury, S. 2012. Survey and conservation of the critically endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper in Bangladesh. Ibis 154(1): 210-211.

Chowdhury, S.U. 2010. Preliminary survey of shorebird hunting in five villages around Sonadia Island, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. BirdingASIA: 101-102.

Chowdhury, S.U. 2016. Further SBS surveys along Sandwip coast in Bangladesh. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force - News Bulletin 15: 28.

Chowdhury, S.U., Foysal, M., Das, D.K., Mohsanin, S., Diyan, M.A.A. and Alam, A.B.M.S. 2011. Seasonal occurrence and site use by shorebirds at Sonadia Island, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Wader Study Group Bulletin 118: 77-81.

Clark, N. 2009. Looking for 'Spoons' in the Land of the Pagodas. BTO News: 21-22.

Clark, N. 2015. Roughing it gives great rewards! Saving the Spoon-billed Sandpiper. Available at: (Accessed: 24/07/2015).

Clark, N. A.; Anderson, G. Q. A.; Li, J.; Syroechkovskiy, E. E.; Tomkovich, P. S.; Zöckler, C.; Lee, R.; Green, R. E. 2018. First formal estimate of the world population of the Critically Endangered spoon-billed sandpiper Calidris pygmaea. Oryx 52(1): 137-146.

Clark, N., Pain, D. and Green, R. 2014. Saving the Spoon-billed Sandpiper: an update on the conservation programme. British Birds 107(8): 467-475.

Donald, P.F., Collar, N. J., Marsden, S.J. and Pain, D.J. 2013. Facing Extinction: The world’s rarest birds and the race to save them. Second Edition. Christopher Helm, Bloomsbury Publishing plc., London.

Fowlie, M. 2011. Saving Spoon-billed Sandpiper. World Birdwatch 33(1): 12-14.

Fu, V. 2015. Summary report of mid-winter Spoon-billed Sandpiper census in southern China. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force News Bulletin 13: 14-15.

Heritage Expeditions. 2016. Unknown Breeding Ground of Rare Spoonbilled Sandpiper Located by Expedition. Available at:

Lee, J., Chung, O., Park, J., Kim, H., Hur, W., Kim, S., & Kim, J. 2018. Effects of the Saemangeum Reclamation Project on migratory shorebird staging in the Saemangeum and Geum Estuaries, South Korea. Bird Conservation International, 28(2): 238-250.

Lee, R. 2016. News from the field: And they’re off! Saving the Spoon-billed Sandpiper Available at:

Lei, Zhao. 2018. Reclaiming land to be restricted. News report. Available at: (Accessed: 19th August 2018).

Li, J. and Chowdhury, S.U. 2016. Autumn 2016 survey at Rudong-Dontai, Jiangsu Province, China by SBS TF. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force News Bulletin 15: 6-8.

Long, T.L. 2015. SBS Conservation activities in Vietnam. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force News Bulletin 13: 16.

Martinez, J. and Allcock, J.A. 2016. China’s Spoon-billed Sandpiper highest winter count in Leizhou peninsular, Guangdong province. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force - News Bulletin 15: 23-27.

Menxiu, T., Lin, Z., Li, J., Zöckler, C. and Clark, N.A. 2012. The critical importance of the Rudong mudflats, Jiangsu Province, China in the annual cycle of the Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmeus. Wader Study Group Bulletin 119(3): 74-77.

Moores, N. 2015. Reclamation in the Yellow Sea is the main cause of the decline of the Spoon-billed Sandpiper (really). Birds Korea Blog. Available at: (Accessed: 24/07/2015).

Nitschke, M., Lund, M. and Maumary, L. 2015. Russkaya Koshka expedition June 2014 – first positive trends in the breeding grounds. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force News Bulletin 13: 4-5.

Pain, D. 2010. The Spoon-billed Sandpiper. Waterlife: 36-39.

Pain, D., Green, R. and Clark, N. 2011. Bird on the edge: can the Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus be saved? BirdingASIA 15: 26-35.

Peng, H., Anderson, G., Chang, Q., Choi, C., Chowdhury, S., Clark, N., . . . Zöckler, C. 2017. The intertidal wetlands of southern Jiangsu Province, China – globally important for Spoon-billed Sandpipers and other threatened waterbirds, but facing multiple serious threats. Bird Conservation International 27(3): 305-322.

Phillips, J. 2015. Continuing the international effort to survey the critically endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper in China. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Available at: (Accessed: 27/07/2015).

Roy, Subhajoy. 2018. Critically endangered bird clicked on beach. The Telegraph India Available at: (Accessed: 19th August 2018).

Syroechkovskiy, E. E.; Zöckler, C.; Bird, J. P. 2009. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus: last chance to save. BirdingASIA 12: 109-111.

Tomkovich, P.S., Syroechkovski, E.E., Lappo, E.G. and Zöckler, C. 2002. First indications of a sharp population decline in the globally threatened Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus. Bird Conservation International 12: 1-18.

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P., Sharpe, C.J. and Kirwan, G.M. 2015. Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust. 2016. Sad news for spoon-billed sandpipers. Available at:

Zhang Lin. 2016. Over-summering waders in Dongtai-Rudong area, Jiangsu Province, Chin. Tattler 40: 6-7.

Zöckler, C. (ed). 2013. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force News Bulletin No. 10, August 2013. East Asian - Australasian Flyway Partnership.

Zöckler, C. 2005. Spoon-billed Sandpiper expedition Chukotka 2005.

Zöckler, C. 2015. Foreword from the Editor. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Task Force News Bulletin 13: 3.

Zöckler, C. and Bunting, G. 2006. International Single species Action Plan for the conservation of the Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus.

Zöckler, C. and Htin Hla. 2009. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Expedition Myanmar 2009.

Zöckler, C. and Li, J. 2013. Durchbruch beim Schutz des Löffelstrandläufers. Der Falke 60(12): 491-493.

Zöckler, C. and Lysenko, I. 2000. Water birds on the edge. First circumpolar assessment of climate change impact on Arctic breeding water birds. WCMC, Cambridge, U.K.

Zöckler, C. and Syroechkovskiy, E.E. 2008. Report update from the Spoon-billed Sandpiper Recovery Team.

Zöckler, C., Beresford, A.E., Bunting, G., Chowdhury, S.U., Clark, N.A., Fu, V.W.K., Hla, T.H., Morozov, V.V., Syroechkovskiy, E.E., Kashiwagi, M. and Lappo, E.G. 2016. The winter distribution of the Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmaeus. Bird Conservation International 26: 476-489.

Zöckler, C., Li, J. and Clark, N. 2015. Report on Intertidal Mudflat Waterbird Survey in the Yellow Sea, Autumn 2014. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Taskforce News Bulletin 13: 9-12.

Zöckler, C., Syroechkovski, E.E. and Bunting, G.C. 2008. International Action Plan for the Spoon-billed Sandpiper. BirdLife International Asia, Tokyo.

Zöckler, C., Zaw Naing, T., Moses, S., Nou Soe R. and Htin Hla, T. 2014. The importance of the Myanmar Coast for Water Birds. Stilt 66: 37-51.

Further resources

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Species Guardian Action Update

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Calidris pygmaea. Downloaded from on 28/09/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/09/2020.