LC
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,840,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 11,700,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 945000-2599999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 166,000-450,000 pairs, which equates to 332,000-901,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.35% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population is 948,000-2,575,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimated is needed.

Trend justification: The European population trend is currently unknown (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria N Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Croatia V Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
Ethiopia V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Gambia V Extant
Germany V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece V Extant
Iraq U Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger V Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Western Sahara N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Malta Rdum Tal-Madonna
Malta Ta'Cenc cliffs
Portugal Ponta de São Lourenço
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Cyprus Pafos Plain
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Greece Strofades islets
Spain Tabernas desert
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes
Spain Montagut and Montmell mountains
Spain Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains
Spain Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain Guadalentín saltmarshes
Spain Quipar reservoir, Molino mountain range and Cagitán plains
Spain La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope
Spain Oña and Tesla mountain ranges
Spain Duratón canyon
Spain Tiermes-Caracena
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor
Spain Layna high moors
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Alhamilla mountain range-Campo de Níjar plain
Spain Gádor mountain range
Spain Aldeaquemada-Dañador
Spain Hoya de Baza
Spain Mountain ranges of Ronda, Bermeja and Crestellina
Spain Sierra Morena de Sevilla
Spain Monegrillo-Pina steppe area-Pina
Spain Valdurrios-Serreta Negra and Los Rincones mountain ranges
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges
Spain Bardenas Reales
Spain Iruelas valley
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros
Spain Monfragüe
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba
Spain Centinela mountain and La Esquina plain
Spain Rasca lava fields-Guaza mountain-Las Mesas plain
Spain Garajonay National Park
Spain Nizdafe plains
Spain Lanzarote islets
Spain Famara sandy plain
Spain Plains of Mareta-Hoya de la Yegua
Spain Tenegüime gully
Spain Isthmus of Jandía sandy plain
Spain Morro Tabaiba-Morro de los Rincones-Vallebrón mountains
Spain Gully of Ajuí-Betancuria
Spain El Médano coast
Spain Pozo Negro mountain-Vigán
Spain Sandy plain of Corralejo
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Montagne de la Clape
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Camargue
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Plateau de Valensole
Italy Tuscan Archipelago
Italy Tolfa hills
Italy Coast between Marina di Camerota and Policastro Bussentino
Italy Murge
Italy Pollino
Italy San Pietro and Sant'Antioco islands
Italy Cape Otranto and Cape Santa Maria di Leuca coast
Italy Nebrodi
Italy Madonie
Italy Mount Cofano, Cape San Vito and Mount Sparagio
Italy Argentario
Italy Anapo gorges
Italy Ponziane islands
Croatia Neretva Delta
Algeria Belezma
Libya Karabolli
Libya Bumbah Gulf
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane
Morocco Région Fouchal - Matarka
Morocco Parc National du Haut Atlas Oriental
Morocco Piste de Tagdilt
Morocco Merzouga/Tamezguidat
Morocco Parc National de Toubkal
Morocco Tamri and Imsouane
Morocco Tarhazoute
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Tunisia Jbel el Haouaria
Tunisia Metbassta
Tunisia Barrage El Houareb
Tunisia Îles Kerkennah
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreiaâ
Italy Argentario, Laguna di Orbetello Lagoon e Lago di Burano
Syria Mount Hermon
Jordan Dana
Jordan Dibbin Forest
Portugal Upper River Tejo
Portugal Malcata mountains
France Basses Corbières
France Gorges du Gardon
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Basse Ardêche
Jordan Khirbat al Samra (sewage works)
Syria Abu Zad
Syria Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush
Turkey Karacadağ
Malta Dwejra Bay to San Dimitri Point
Malta Comino island
Lebanon Semi Deserts of Ras Baalbek
Lebanon Rim - Sannine Mountain
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Sylvia conspicillata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2020.