Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,840,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 11,700,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 945000-2599999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 166,000-450,000 pairs, which equates to 332,000-901,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.35% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population is 948,000-2,575,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimated is needed.

Trend justification: The European population trend is currently unknown (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria N Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Croatia V Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
Ethiopia V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Gambia V Extant
Germany V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece V Extant
Iraq U Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger V Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Western Sahara N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Algeria Belezma
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains
Italy Argentario, Laguna di Orbetello Lagoon e Lago di Burano
Jordan Dana
Jordan Dibbin Forest
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Libya Karabolli
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya
Morocco Merzouga/Tamezguidat
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Morocco Parc National de Toubkal
Morocco Parc National du Haut Atlas Oriental
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane
Morocco Piste de Tagdilt
Morocco Région Fouchal - Matarka
Morocco Tamri and Imsouane
Morocco Tarhazoute
Portugal Malcata mountains
Portugal Upper River Tejo
Spain Bardenas Reales
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain Monfragüe
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros
Syria Mount Hermon
Tunisia Barrage El Houareb
Tunisia Îles Kerkennah
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Jbel el Haouaria
Tunisia Metbassta
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreiaâ

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Sylvia conspicillata. Downloaded from on 15/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 15/12/2019.