Southern Festive Amazon Amazona festiva


Justification of Red List Category

Based on a model of deforestation in the Amazon basin, and its susceptibility to hunting and trapping, it is suspected that the population of this species is declining moderately rapidly over three generations from 2002, and it has therefore been classified as Near Threatened.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification
This species is suspected to lose 16.5-28.9% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (37 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and trapping, it is therefore suspected to decline by 25-29% over three generations.

Distribution and population

Amazona festiva is local in eastern Ecuador, and ranges from there, south-eastern Colombia and eastern Peru through the Amazon Basin to western Pará in north-central Brazil (del Hoyo et al. 1997, Restall et al. 2006).


This species is closely associated with humid lowland forest along major rivers, up to c.500 m. It occurs in both várzea (seasonally flooded forest) and igapó (permanently flooded forest). Irregular movements may explain some reports from east Ecuador and others in the Amazon delta, but this remains uncertain until these records are verified (del Hoyo et al. 1997).


The primary threat to this species is accelerating deforestation in the Amazon basin as land is cleared for cattle ranching and soy production, facilitated by expansion of the road network (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). It is also susceptible to hunting and trapping for international trade (A. Lees in litt. 2011). Proposed changes to the Brazilian Forest Code reduce the percentage of land a private landowner is legally required to maintain as forest (including, critically, a reduction in the width of forest buffers alongside perennial steams) and include an amnesty for landowners who deforested before July 2008 (who would subsequently be absolved of the need to reforest illegally cleared land) (Bird et al. 2011).

Conservation actions

Conservation and research actions underway
None is known.

Conservation and research actions proposed

Expand the protected area network to effectively protect IBAs. Effectively resource and manage existing and new protected areas, utilising emerging opportunities to finance protected area management with the joint aims of reducing carbon emissions and maximizing biodiversity conservation. Conservation on private lands, through expanding market pressures for sound land management and preventing forest clearance on lands unsuitable for agriculture, is also essential (Soares-Filho et al. 2006). Campaign against proposed changes to the Brazilian Forest Code that would lead to a decrease in the width of the areas of riverine forest protected as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), which function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes


34 cm. Generally green parrot with red lores and frontal band, pale blue shading above and behind the eye, red back and rump, dark blue primaries and a yellowish tip to the tail. Dark grey bill.


Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J., Khwaja, N., Symes, A. & Taylor, J.

Lees, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Amazona festiva. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/05/2022.