Southern Festive Amazon Amazona festiva


Taxonomic note

Amazona festiva and A. bodini (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as A. festiva following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2022 Least Concern
2016 Near Threatened A4cd
2014 Near Threatened A4cd
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,940,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend decreasing suspected 2016-2052
Decline % (10 years/3 generations future) 1-19 - - -
Decline % (10 years/3 generations past and future) 1-19 - - -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 100 - - -
Generation length (years) 11.86 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as generally common (Collar et al. 2020). Locally, the species may be abundant and numerous, e.g. in the upper Amazon in western Brazil, in southeast Colombia around Leticia, and north of río Napo in Sucumbíos, Ecuador (Collar et al. 2020).

Trend justification: The species is in slow decline as a consequence of habitat loss and trapping in parts of its range. Over the past three generations (35.7 years) 7% of tree cover has been lost within the range; since 2016 deforestation has been accelerating to a rate equivalent to 11% over three generations (Global Forest Watch 2021, using Hansen et al. [2013] data and methods disclosed therein). The impact of trapping on the population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as rare in trade, though juveniles are regularly poached from nests in northeastern Peru (Collar et al. 2020). As large parts of the range remain pristine and inaccessible (Collar et al. 2020), the rate of population decline is not thought to be in excess of 20% over three generations. This value however requires confirmation.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Brazil extant native yes
Colombia extant native yes
Ecuador extant native yes
Peru extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Colombia Bojonawi
Colombia Estrella Fluvial Inírida
Colombia Reserva Fundo Raudal de Flor Amarillo
Colombia Reserva Natural Puerto Rico & La Polonia
Colombia Riberas de la Cuenca Baja del Río Inírida
Colombia Reservas de la vereda Altagracia
Colombia Chaviripa-El Rubí

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations marginal resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp major resident
Savanna Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Amazona festiva. Downloaded from on 01/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 01/10/2023.