NT
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened C1+2a(i)
2012 Near Threatened C1+2a(i)
2008 Near Threatened B1a+b(ii,iii,v); C1; C2a(i)
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,130,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 670-2000 medium estimated 2001
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.9 - - -

Population justification: This species has a limited range and usually occurs at low densities; its population is estimated at 1,000-3,000 individuals, roughly equivalent to 670-2,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Kenya N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Kenya Arabuko-Sokoke Forest
Kenya Dakatcha Woodland
Kenya Diani Forest
Kenya Gede Ruins National Monument
Kenya Kaya Gandini
Kenya Shimba Hills
Kenya Taita Hills Forests
Kenya Tana River Delta
Kenya Lower Tana River Forests
Mozambique Maputo Special Reserve
Mozambique Chimanimani Mountains (Mozambique)
Mozambique Zambezi River Delta
Mozambique Primeiras and Segundas Environmental Protection Area (APAIPS)
Somalia Far Waamo
Tanzania Mikumi National Park
Tanzania Udzungwa National Park
Tanzania Selous Game Reserve
Tanzania Kilombero Valley
Tanzania Bagamoyo District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Kisarawe District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Rufiji District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Pande Game Reserve and Dondwe Coastal Forests
Tanzania Kilwa District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Lindi District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Mtwara District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Newala District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Handeni District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Muheza District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Pangani District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Nguu Mountains
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains
Tanzania Uluguru Mountains
Tanzania East Usambara Mountains
Tanzania West Usambara Mountains
South Africa Ndumo Game Reserve
South Africa Kosi Bay system
South Africa Mkuzi Game Reserve
South Africa Lake St Lucia and Mkuze Swamps
South Africa Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park
South Africa Umlalazi Nature Reserve
Zimbabwe Chimanimani Mountains (Zimbabwe)
Zimbabwe Haroni - Rusitu junction and Botanical Reserves
Zimbabwe Save - Runde junction
Tanzania Bagamoyo
Kenya Mwingi/Kitui/Makueni hilltops and River Valley Landscapes
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountain Range
Mozambique Mount Mabu
Kenya Boni and Dodori National Reserves
Kenya Mumoni Hill Forest Reserve

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Circaetus fasciolatus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2021.