Sooty Falcon Falco concolor


AlJahdhami, M.H., Karelus, D.L. Fazari, W.A., Rene de Roland, L.A., Razafimanjato, G., McGrady, M.J. & Oli, M.K. Submitted. Patterns of movement by Sooty Falcon (Falco concolor) tracked via satellite across their annual cycle. Journal of Avian Biology.

Aspinall, S. 1994. Sooty Falcons in the United Arab Emirates. Tribulus 42(2): 14-18.

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del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1994. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Fahimi H. & Jowkar H. 2010. Recent observation of the Sooty Falcon Falco concolor in Central Iran. Balaban 2: 43-44.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

Gallo-Orsi, U.; Williams, N. P.; Javed, S.; McGrady, M. 2014. unpublished. Draft International Single Species Action Plan for the Sooty Falcon Falco concolor. CMS Raptors MoU.

Gaucher, P.; Petit, T.; Symens, P. 1988. Notes on the study of the Sooty Falcon (Falco concolor) during its breeding season in Saudi Arabia. Alauda 56(3): 277-283.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Javed S., Douglas D., Khan S., Shah J., Hammadi A.A. 2012. First description of autumn migration of Sooty Falcon Falco concolor from the United Arab Emirates to Madagascar by satellite telemetry. Bird Conservation International 22(1): 106-119.

Jennings, M.C. 2010. Atlas of the breeding birds of Arabia. Fauna of Arabia 25: 1-751.

Jennings, M.C. and Sadler, T.A. 2006. Report on the activity of the small birds of prey and owls group. Breeding Centre for Endangered Arabian Wildlife, Sharjah, UAE.

Kashfi, M., Nayeri, D, and Qashqaei, A. 2019. High elevation records of Sooty Falcon Falco concolor in northern Iran. Sandgrouse 41: 98-100.

Kavanagh, B. and King, H. 2008. Observations from 1998-2006 on the breeding population of sooty falcons Falco concolor on the Hawar Islands, Kingdom of Bahrain. Sandgrouse 30: 70-76.

Khaleghizadeh, A., Scott, D.A., Tohidifar, M., Babak, S., Musavi, M.G., Sehhatisabet, M.E. and Eskandari, F. 2011. Rare birds in Iran in 1980?2010. Podoces 6: 1-48.

McGrady, M. J., Al-Fazari, W. A., Al-Jahdhami, M. H., Nicoll, M. A. C., Oli, M. K. 2017. Sooty Falcon Falco concolor reproduction and population dynamics on the islands in the Sea of Oman. Ibis. doi:10.1111/ibi.12502.

McGrady, M. J.; Nicoll, M. A. C. 2008. A study of the status and distribution of breeding Sooty Falcons (Falco concolor) on the northern islands of Oman - 2007 & 2008.

McGrady, M.; Nicoll, A.; Williams, N. 2009. Sooty Falcon survey in Oman. Phoenix: 4.

McGrady, M.; Nicoll, M.; Williams, N. 2008. A pilot survey of Sooty Falcons on islands of Northern Oman. Phoenix: 7-8.

Mcgrady, M.J., Al Fazari, W., Al Jahdhami, M., Fisher, M., Kwarteng, A.Y., Walter, H. & Oli, M.K. 2019. Island accessibility and distance from beach influence nesting success of Sooty Falcons Falco concolor in Oman. Ibis 161: 162-171.

McGrady, M.J., Al Fazari, W., Al Jahdhami, M.H. & Oli, M.K. 2016. Survival of sooty falcons (Falco concolor) in Oman. Journal for Ornithology 157: 427-437.

McGrady, M.J., Al Fazari, W.A. Al Jahdhami, M.H., Abdusallam, Z., Al Owisi, A. & Fisher, M. 2018. Has Sooty Falcon Falco concolor distribution contracted in Oman? Sandgrouse 40: 75-85.

McGrady, M.J., Al Fazari, W.A. Al Jahdhami, M.H., Fisher, M., Kwarteng, A., Walter, H. & Oli M.K. 2018. . Sooty Falcon (Falco concolor) occupancy and reproductive success on islands in the Sea of Oman. Ibis 159: 828–840.

Nicoll, M.; McGrady, M.; Williams, N. 2008. Micro-chipping of Sooty Falcons on islands off northern Oman. Falco: 20-21.

Shah, J. N.; Khan, S. B.; Ahmed, S.; Javed, S.; Hammadi, A. 2008. Sooty Falcon in the United Arab Emirates. Falco: 16-19.

Walter, H. 1979. The Sooty Falcon Falco concolor in Oman: results of a breeding survey, 1978. Journal of Oman Studies 5: 9-60.

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Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Falco concolor. Downloaded from on 05/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/06/2023.