Sooty Falcon Falco concolor


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - C2a(ii)

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2017 Vulnerable C2a(ii)
2016 Near Threatened C1+2a(ii)
2013 Near Threatened C1+2a(ii)
2012 Near Threatened C1+2a(ii)
2008 Near Threatened C1; C2a(ii)
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,280,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,370,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2800-4000 poor estimated 2014
Population trend Decreasing poor inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 1-19 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 1-19 - - -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.2 - - -

Population justification: The draft International Single Species Action Plan estimates a total breeding population of 1,400-2,000 pairs (Gallo-Orsi et al. 2014 unpublished), equating to 2,800-4,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification:  There have been declines in the breeding population in many countries, with no population known to be increasing (Gallo-Orsi et al. 2014 unpublished), therefore a slow or moderate and ongoing population decline is inferred to be taking place.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant
Cyprus V Extant
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait V Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Madagascar N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Mali V Extant
Malta V Extant
Mauritius N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia V Extant
Niger N Extant
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestine N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Réunion (to France) N Extant
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes
Syria V Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Turkey V Extant
Uganda N Extant
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Djibouti Les Sept Frères
Egypt Hurghada archipelago
Egypt Wadi Gimal island
Egypt Qulân islands
Egypt Zabargad island
Egypt Nabq Protected Area
Egypt Gebel Elba
Egypt The Abraq area
Egypt St Katherine Protectorate
Egypt Gebel Maghara
Egypt Quseima
Egypt Wadi Gerafi
Eritrea Dehalak Archipelago and offshore islands
Eritrea Ghinda
Libya Zallaf
Libya Ghat oases
Niger NNR Aïr - Ténéré
Sudan Mukawwar island and Dunganab bay
Sudan Khor Arba'at
Chad Ouadi Rimé - Ouadi Achim
United Arab Emirates Dalma
Bahrain Hawar Islands
Israel Judean desert
Israel Northern Arava valley
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Jordan Wadi Mujib
Jordan Dana
Jordan Petra
Jordan Aqaba coast and mountains
Oman Bandar Jussah
Oman Ra's Abu Da'ud
Oman Daymaniyat Islands
Oman Ra's as Sawadi - Juzor as Sawadi
Oman Fahl Island
Saudi Arabia Al-Wajh Bank
Saudi Arabia Qishran Bay
Saudi Arabia Kutambil island
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
Yemen Islands north of Al-Hudaydah
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum
Oman Musandam islands
Yemen Bahr Ibn Abbas - Ra's Isa
Yemen The wooded Mahra
Yemen Al-Mukha - Al-Khawkhah
Yemen Jaza'ir al-Hanish
Yemen Jaza'ir al-Zubayr
Kenya Lolldaiga-Mugogodo-Ewaso N'yiro
United Arab Emirates Faziya
United Arab Emirates Ghagha Island

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species disturbance
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Species disturbance
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Reduced reproductive success

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Falco concolor. Downloaded from on 28/11/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/11/2021.