LC
Sombre Tit Poecile lugubris



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Poecile lugubris and P. hyrcanus (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as Parus lugubris following AERC TAC (2003), Cramp et al. (1977-1994) and Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,080,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Trend justification: Both increases and decreases in regional populations have been noted in recent years (del Hoyo et al. 2007). The European population trend is currently estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy V Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Galaxidi
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Derdap gorge
Iraq Benavi and Sararu
Iraq Dure
Iraq Amedi and Sulav
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ilam area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Dena, and Yasuj and Sisakht area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Deh Bakhri area
Syria Mount Hermon
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Syria Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Armenia Meghri
Lebanon Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh
Iraq Ahmed Awa
Iraq Bakhma and Bradost Mountain
Iraq Barzan Area and Gali Balnda
Iraq Chami Razan
Iraq Doli Smaquli and Ashab
Iraq Gara Mountain and Garagu
Iraq Hawraman Area
Iraq Peramagroon Mountain
Iraq Qara Dagh
Iraq Mangesh
Iraq Amedi and Sulav
Serbia Stara mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Temperate major resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Poecile lugubris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/07/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/07/2022.