LC
Sombre Nightjar Caprimulgus fraenatus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be locally common in suitable habitat (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Burundi V Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Uganda V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Eritrea Asmara escarpment
Ethiopia Awash National Park
Ethiopia Omo National Park
Ethiopia Nechisar National Park and surroundings
Ethiopia Lake Chew Bahir
Ethiopia Bogol Manyo - Dolo
Kenya Kianyaga valleys
Kenya Tsavo East National Park
Kenya Tsavo West National Park
Kenya Dida Galgalu desert
Kenya Machakos valleys
Kenya Meru National Park
Kenya Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves
Kenya Shaba National Reserve
Kenya Nairobi National Park
Kenya Amboseli National Park
Kenya Lake Elmenteita
Kenya Lake Magadi
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park
Kenya Masai Mara
Kenya South Nguruman
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya)
South Sudan Bandingilo
Somalia Boorama plains
Tanzania Arusha National Park and vicinity
Tanzania Serengeti National Park
Tanzania Nyumba ya Mungu reservoir
Tanzania Lake Natron and Engaruka basin

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Altitude 0 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Caprimulgus fraenatus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2022.