NT
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2012 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2008 Near Threatened A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,930,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 20-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.8 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification: A moderately rapid and on-going population decline is suspected, owing to rates of habitat loss and hunting pressure.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Alta cuenca del arroyo Alegría
Argentina Alta cuenca del arroyo Piray Guazú
Argentina Cerro Mártires y Barra Santa María
Argentina Corredor Urugua-í Foerster
Argentina Montecarlo
Argentina Parque Nacional Iguazú y alrededores
Argentina Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero
Argentina Parque Provincial Guardaparque Horacio Foerster
Argentina Parque Provincial Piñalito y alrededores
Argentina Parque Provincial Salto Encantado del Valle del Cuñá-Pirú y alrededores
Argentina Parque Provincial Urugua-í
Argentina Parque Provincial Uruzú y Reserva Forestal San Jorge
Argentina Reserva de la Biósfera Yabotí
Argentina Reserva Privada Yaguaroundí
Argentina San Antonio
Argentina Sierra Morena
Brazil Alto Cariri
Brazil Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaratuba
Brazil Cafundó e Bananal do Norte
Brazil Campos Gerais do Paraná
Brazil Caratinga
Brazil Corredor do Iguaçu
Brazil Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins
Brazil Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia
Brazil Igarassu
Brazil Ilha Grande
Brazil Ilhabela State Park (Parque Estadual de Ilhabela IBA)
Brazil Ilhas Comprida e Cananéia
Brazil Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba
Brazil Murici
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Caraguatatuba e Picinguaba)
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Santos e São Sebastião)
Brazil Parque Estadual das Lauráceas e Entorno
Brazil Parque Estadual do Rio Doce
Brazil Parque Estadual do Rio Guarani
Brazil Parque Estadual do Turvo
Brazil Parque Nacional de Itatiaia
Brazil Parque Nacional do Iguaçu
Brazil Região de Blumenau
Brazil Região dos Aparados da Serra
Brazil Reserva Biológica de Duas Bocas
Brazil Reserva Biológica de Pedra Talhada
Brazil Salto do Piraí
Brazil Santa Teresa
Brazil Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis
Brazil Serra da Cantareira
Brazil Serra do Marumbi
Brazil Serra do Tabuleiro State Park (Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro IBA)
Brazil Serra do Tinguá
Brazil Serras das Lontras e do Javi
Brazil Sooretama / Linhares
Brazil Una
Paraguay Arroyo Blanco
Paraguay Bosque Mbaracayú
Paraguay Cerro Guazú
Paraguay Estancia Itabó
Paraguay Estancia Muxfeldt
Paraguay Ka'aguy Rory
Paraguay Limoy
Paraguay Morombi
Paraguay Parque Nacional Caazapá
Paraguay Parque Nacional San Rafael
Paraguay Paso Curuzú
Paraguay Reserva Itabó - Itaipú
Paraguay Serranías de San Joaquín
Paraguay Tapyta
Paraguay Ybyturuzú
Paraguay Ypané Medio
Paraguay Ypeti

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 0 - 1200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Historical

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Tinamus solitarius. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/12/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/12/2017.