LC
Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 10,300,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 22,900,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 7300-73000 poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.8 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.11,000-110,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, < c.50 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in China; c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Korea and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: Although Wetlands International consider the current population trend to be unknown, it is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats (del Hoyo et al. 1996).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Bangladesh N Extant
Bhutan N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
North Korea N Extant
Pakistan N Extant
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Russia (Central Asian) Natural reserve Kuznetskij Alatau
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Plateau Ukok
Russia (Central Asian) Shapshal ridge
Tajikistan Aktash massif
Tajikistan Kulikalon Lakes
Tajikistan Kattasay and Daganasay Reservoirs
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain
Nepal Khaptad National Park
Nepal Langtang National Park
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 1500 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Gallinago solitaria. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/08/2020.