Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius


Anon. 2007. Sociable Lapwing jackpot. World Birdwatch 29(2): 4.

Anon. 2015a. Meet The Birds. The Amazing Journey. Available at: (Accessed: 31/07/2015).

Anon. 2015b. The Amazing Journey of the Sociable Lapwing - Satellite tagging the birds. Swarovski Optik Available at: (Accessed: 31/07/2015).

Anon. 2015c. More tags, more data. The Amazing Journey. Available at: (Accessed: 31/07/2015).

Anon. 2016. Study and conservation of Sociable Lapwing by ACBK. Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan.

Ashoori, A., Khani, A., Ghasemi, M.m Rabiee, K., Mansoori, M., Musavi, S.B., Hashemi, A. and Eskandari, F. 2013. Recent records and status of the Sociable lapwing Vanellus gregarius in Iran. Sandgrouse 35: 14-19.

Asswad, N.G. 2014. Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius in Syria during 2011: status, presence, habitat survey. Sandgrouse 36(1): 2-7.

Belik, V. P. 2005. The Sociable Lapwing in Eurasia: what does the future hold? British Birds 98: 476-485.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Biricik, M. 2009. Unexpectedly large number of Sociable Lapwings Vanellus gregarius on autumn migration in Turkey and some remarks on the stopover site. Sandgrouse 31(1): 15-17.

Biricik, M.; Deniz, H.; Mungan, R.; Akarsu, F.; Ataol, M.; Balkiz, O. 2008. Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius) 2008 field report.

Bozdogan, M.; Balkiz, O.; Tavares, J. 2007. Survey of Social Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius) in southeastern Anatolia during early Spring 2007.

Cresswell, W.; Donald. P; Khrokov, V. 2005. Ongoing research on Sociable Lapwings - an update. British Birds 98: 496-497.

de Juana, E. 2011. The Sociable Lapwing in Europe. Birtish Birds 104(2): 84-90.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Deomurari, A. 2007. Western India: Gujarat Kutch Birding and Wildlife Tour, November 2007..

Donald,P.F., Azimov, N., Ball, E., Green, R.E., Kamp, J., Karryeva, S., Kashkarov, R., Kurbanov, A., Rustamov, E., Saparmuradov, J., Sheldon, R., Soldatov, V., Ten, A., Thorpe, R., Underhill, M., Urazaliyev, R. and Veyisov, A. 2016. A globally important migration staging site for Sociable Lapwings Vanellus gregarius in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Sandgrouse 38: 82-95.

Eichhorn, G.; Khrokov, V. V. 2002. Decline in breeding Sociable Plover Chettusia gregaria in the steppes of Naurzum and Korgalzhyn, Kazakhstan. Sandgrouse 24: 22-27.

Field, R.; Gordon, J.; Kushkin, M.; Field, K.; Gordon, O.; Kucheryavaya, N.; Fedosov, V.; Malovichko, L. 2006. Preliminary surveys of Chagraiskoje reservoir, south-west Russian Federation, for Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius.

Fisher, I. 2016. BirdLife Preventing Extinctions Programme Project Reporting - Sociable Lapwing 2016 (unpublished). BirdLife International.

Fowlie, M. 2012. Record Sociable Lapwing flock found in Uzbekistan. BirdLife International Available at: (Accessed: 30/07/2015).

Hofland, R.; Keijl, G. 2008. Syrian Sociable Lapwing survey. Foundation Working Group International Waterbird and Wetland Research, Beek-Ubbergen, The Netherlands.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1981. The plovers, sandpipers and snipes of the world. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, U.S.A. and London.

Kamp, J. 2007. Habitat selection of the Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius in Central Kazakhstan - a modelling approach. Diploma, Carl von Ossietzky Universität.

Kamp, J.; Koshkin, M. A.; Sheldon, R. D. 2010. Historic breeding of Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius) in Xinjiang. Chinese Birds 1(1): 70-73.

Kamp, J.; Sheldon, R. D.; Koshkin, M. A.; Donald, P. F.; Biedermann, R. 2009. Post-Soviet steppe management causes pronounced synanthropy in the globally threatened Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius. Ibis 151: 452-463.

Koshkin, R. 2010. Russia: Sociable Lapwing survey. Sandgrouse 32: 87.

Morozov, V.V.; Kornev, S.V. 2005. Survey of the Sociable Plover Vanellus gregarius in the South Urals, May 2005. Wader Study Group Bulletin 108: 27.

Sheldon, R. 2013. The Sociable Lapwing - Interim short report to the BirdLife International Preventing Extinctions Programme. BirdLife International Preventing Extinctions Programme.

Sheldon, R. 2014. The Sociable Lapwing - Final project report to the BirdLife International Preventing Extinctions Programme. BirdLife International Preventing Extinctions Programme.

Sheldon, R. D.; Grishina, K. V.; Kamp, J.; Khrokov, V. V.; Knight, A.; Kushkin, M. A. 2006. Revising the breeding population estimate and distribution of the Critically Endangered Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius.

Sheldon, R. D.; Kamp, J.; Koshkin, M. A.; Urazaliev, R. S.; Iskakov, T. K.; Field, R. H.; Salemgareev, A. R.; Khrokov, V. V.; Zhuly, V. A.; Sklyarenko, S. L.; Donald, P. F. 2013. Breeding ecology of the globally threatened Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius and the demographic drivers of recent declines. Journal of Ornithology 154(2): 501-516.

Sheldon, R. D.; Koshkin, M. A.; Kamp, J.; Dereliev, S.; Donald, P. F.; Jbour, S. 2012. International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius. CMS Technical Series No. 28, AEWA Technical Series No. 47. Bonn.

Watson, M.; Wilson, J. M.; Koshkin, M.; Sherbakov, B.; Karpov, F.; Gavrilov, A.; Schielzeth, H.; Brombacher, M.; Collar, N.J.; Cresswell, W. 2006. Nest survival and productivity of the critically endangered Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius. Ibis 148: 489-502.

Further resources

African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) International Action Plan 2004

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Species Guardian Action Update

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Vanellus gregarius. Downloaded from on 20/03/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 20/03/2019.