LC
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 21,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Trend justification: The population trend is decreasing in North America (based on BBS/CBC data: Butcher and Niven 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant Yes
Argentina N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Bolivia N Extant Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant Yes
Dominica N Extant Yes
Dominican Republic N Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
French Guiana N Extant Yes
Grenada N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guyana N Extant Yes
Haiti N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant Yes
St Lucia N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant Yes
Suriname N Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Jamaica Blue Mountains
Jamaica Dry Harbour Mountain
Jamaica Hyde Hall Mountain
Jamaica Negril
Jamaica Rose Hall
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park
Bahamas Governor's Harbour
Bahamas Grog Pond
Bahamas South Tarpum Bay
Bahamas Little Abaco
Bahamas Nine Tasks Blue Hole
Bahamas Booby Rocks and Pirates Bay
Bahamas Lee Stocking Island
Bahamas Driggs Hill to Mars Bay
Puerto Rico (to USA) El Yunque
Bahamas Mangrove Cay
Bahamas Cat Island Wetlands
Virgin Islands (to USA) Perseverance Bay Lagoons
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Virgin Islands (to USA) John Brewer's Bay
Bahamas Red Bays
Guyana Karaw/Aruka
Dominican Republic Siete Hermanos Keys
Brazil São Francisco Xavier / Monte Verde
Brazil Serra do Urubu
Colombia El Encanto de Guanapalo

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest major resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level marginal resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Crotophaga ani. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020.