Sira Barbet Capito fitzpatricki


Justification of Red List Category
This species has a very small known range, within which the population is thought to be small. Overall, the species is not thought to be under any immediate threat, and is therefore classified as Near Threatened.

Population justification
Preliminarily, the population is estimated to number 1,000-2,499 mature individuals, with the true value likely to be towards the bottom end of this range. This is consistent with recorded population density estimates for congeners or close relatives with a similar body size, and the fact that only a proportion of the estimated Extent of Occurrence is likely to be occupied.

Trend justification
This species is thought to be stable. Forest loss is negligible within the range (per Global Forest Watch 2020).

Distribution and population

The species is known only from a small area on the eastern slope of the southern Cerros del Sira (Ucayali), Peru (Seeholzer et al. 2012). The total range is estimated to cover 300-700 km2 (Seeholzer et al. 2012).


The species inhabits montane forest on ridgetops and slopes at 950–1,250 m, and possibly higher (but below 1,700 m). It is often observed in tall lush forest with sparse understorey of palms and woody vegetation, but also in lower forest with arboreal epiphytes and moss, and with understorey predominantly of low trees, shrubs, and small to medium-sized ferns (Seeholzer et al. 2012, Fjeldså 2013). It is mostly seen in pairs, although occasionally as solitary individuals or groups of 3-4; it is generally not associated with mixed-species flocks (Seeholzer et al. 2012, M. Harvey in litt. 2020). It occurs together with C. auratus apparently throughout its range, seemingly without any competitive interactions. The species appears to be largely frugivorous.


The Sira Communal Reserve provides some protection, and steep topography and lack of roads in the Sira mountains may limit the degree of human influence (Seeholzer et al. 2012, Fjeldså 2013). Nevertheless, both mining and logging activities and oil exploration are underway in the region, and in the longer term the effects of climate change could be a further threat (Seeholzer et al. 2012, Fjeldså 2013).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted actions are known. The species occurs in and on boundary of Sira Communal Reserve.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Search remaining peaks along the isolated ridge. Assess the size of its population. Gather more information on its ecology and life history. Seek protected status for portions of the isolated ridge outside the Sira Communal Reserve.


Text account compilers
Martin, R., Hermes, C.

Harvey, M., Symes, A., Taylor, J. & Westrip, J.R.S.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Capito fitzpatricki. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/05/2022.