Siberian Crane Leucogeranus leucogeranus


Anon. 2007. The Poyand Lake drought in China in Winter 2006/2007. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 10-11.

Bai Qing-Quan. 2008. The finding of Siberian Crane banded in Russian Yakutia in Wolong Lake, Northern Liaoning. China Crane News 12(1): 39.

Belyalova, L.; Fundukchiev, S. 2007. Siberian Crane sighting in Samarkand Region, Uzbekistan. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 6.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Bragin, Y. 2005. Sightings of Siberian Cranes during spring and fall migrations in Kazakhstan in 2005. Newsletter of the Crane Working Group of Eurasia: 42.

Burnham, J., Barzen, J. Anna M. Pidgeon, A.M., Sun, B., Wu, J., Liu, G. and Jiang, H. 2017. Novel foraging by wintering Siberian Cranes Leucogeranus leucogeranus at China’s Poyang Lake indicates broader changes in the ecosystem and raises new challenges for a critically endangered species. Bird Conservation International 27: 204-223.

Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. 1980. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic, Volume II: Hawks to Bustards. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Degtyarev, V.G. and Sleptsov, S.M. 2013. Ecology of the eastern population of the Siberian Crane Leucogeranus leucogeranus in the taiga section of its flyway: habitats, foraging, trophic links with Elk Alces alces, and threats. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(14): 4871-4879.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Faseli, A. 2007. Siberan Crane national stamp published in Iran. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 14.

Germogenov, N. I.; Degtyarev, A. G.; Labutin, Y. V.; Solomonov, N. G.; Pshennikov, A. E.; Sleptsov, S. M.; Yegorov, N. N.; Bysykatova, I. P.; Vladimirtseva, M. V.; Archibald, G.; Harris, J.; Nagendran, M.; Higuchi, H.; Kanai, Y.; Chan, S.; Ueta, M. 2007. Banding and monitoring of Siberian Cranes in Yakutia. China Crane News 11(1): 26-37.

Harris, J. 2008. Cranes respond to climate change. ICF Bugle 34(3): 1-3, 14-15.

Harris, J. and Zhuang Hao. 2010. An Ecosystem Approach to Resolving Conflicts Among Ecological and Economic Priorities for Poyang Lake Wetlands. Unpublished report. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Heim, W., Trense, D., Sokolova, G.V. and Kitagawa, T. 2017. Increased Populations of Endangered Cranes After Amur River Flood. Waterbirds, 40(3): 282-288.

Hirschfeld, E. 2008. Rare Birds Yearbook 2009: the world's 190 most threatened birds. MagDig Media Ltd., Shrewsbury, UK.

Ilyashenko, E., and Mirande, C. 2013. Hunter Education Along the Siberian Crane Central Asian Flyway. Siberian Crane Flyway News 12: 25-27.

Jiang Hongxing. 2010. The maximum daily counting reaches 3128 Siberian Cranes during 2010 spring migration at Momoge National Nature Reserve of Jilin Province. Newsletter of China Ornithological Society 19(1): 28.

Jiang Hongxing. 2013. Migratory Siberian Cranes at Momoge National Nature Reserve, Northeast China, in 2012. Siberian Crane Flyway News 12: p10.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1983. Cranes of the world. Croom Helm, London.

Kanai, Y.; Nagendran, M.; Ueta, M.; Markin, Y.; Rinne, J.; Sorokin, A. G.; Higuchi, H.; Archibald, G. W. 2002. Discovery of breeding grounds of a Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus flock that winters in Iran, via satellite telemetry. Bird Conservation International 12: 327-333.

Kashentseva T. and Belterman R. 2011. The Fifth Issue of the International Siberian Crane Studbook.

Larson, C. 2018. Asia's hunger for sand takes toll on ecology. Science 359(6379): 964-965.

Li Fengshan, Wu Jiandong, Harris, J., Burnham, J. 2012. Number and distribution of cranes wintering at Poyang Lake, China during 2011–2012. Chinese Birds 3(3): 180-190.

Li Fengshan. 2003. Siberian Crane GEF project. China Crane News 7(1): 7.

Mirande, C. 2007. Safeguarding a chain of important wetlands - the midterm review of our Siberian Crane Wetland Project. China Crane News 11(1): 21-22.

Mirande, C. and Prentice, C. 2010. Conservation of flyway wetlands in Asia using the Siberian Crane as a flagship species: an overview of t outcomes of the UNEP/GEF Siberian Crane Wetland project. In: Prentice, C. (ed.), Conservation of Flyway Wetlands in East and West/Central Asia. Proceedings of the Project Completion Workshop of the UNEP/GEF Siberian Crane Wetland Project, 14-15 October 2009, Harbin, China. . International Crane Foundation, Baraboo (Wisconsin), USA.

Moore, S. G. and Ilyashenko, E. 2010. Regional flyway education programs: increasing public awareness of crane conservation along the crane flyways of Eurasia and North America. UNEP/GEF Siberian Crane Wetlands Project – Project Completion Workshop Proceedings.

Prentice, C. 2010. A string of pearls across Asia: conserving flyway wetlands for the Siberian Crane. ICF Bugle 36(1): 6-7.

Prentice, C.; Stishov, M. 2007. A visit to the Siberian Crane staging areas in the Aldan and Maya River valleys of Southern Yakutia in 2006. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 17-18.

Pshennikov, A.; Germogenov, N. 2008. Changes in landscape elements on the Siberian Crane eastern population breeding grounds and their long-term dynamics according to aerial and remote sensing data. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 6-7.

Rusanov, G., Kashin, A., Litvinova, N., Mitrophanov, S. and Taranov, Y. 2013. Siberian Crane Sightings in the Volga Delta, Russia, in 2011 and 2012. Siberian Crane Flyway News 12: p7.

Shan Kai; Zhu Shuyu; Yu Hailing. 2007. Survey of northward migratory cranes in Huangha Delta NR, China, in 2007. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 8.

Shilina, A. 2008. Sightings of the Siberian Crane in West Siberia in 2008. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 10.

Shilina, A. P., Sorokin, A. G., Markin, Y. M. and Ermakov, A. M. 2011. The Siberian Crane reintroduction: past, present, future. Moscow.

Sorokin, A. G.; Kotyukov, Y. V. 1987. Discovery of the nesting ground of the Ob River population of the Siberian Crane. In: Archibald, G.W.; Pasquier, R.F. (ed.), Proceedings of the 1983 International Crane Workshop, pp. 209-212. International Crane Foundation, Baraboo, U.S.A.

Stishov, M.; Bysykatova, I. 2008. Monitoring of the Siberian Crane breeding sites in Kytalyk, Yakutia, Russia. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 4-5.

Tseveenmyadag, N. 2005. Sightings of the Siberian Crane in Mongolia in Summer 2004. Newsletter of the Crane Working Group of Eurasia: 22-23.

Tseveenmyadag, N. 2007. Siberian Crane records in Mongolia in 2007. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 4-5.

Tseveenmyadag, N. 2008. Siberian Crane records in Mongolia in 2008. Siberian Crane Flyway News: 10.

Van Impe, J. 2013. Esquisse de l'avifaune de la Sibérie Occidentale: une revue bibliographique. Alauda 81(4): 269-296.

Vardhan H. 2002. Siberian Crane autumn migration 2002. Central Flyway. India. Crane Working Group of Eurasia Newsletter 4-5: 39-30.

Vuosalo, E. 2013. Siberian Crane Wintering in Iran in 2011/12 and 2012/13. Siberian Crane Flyway News 12: 11-12.

Wang, W., Fraser, J.D. and Chen, J. 2017. Wintering waterbirds in the middle and lower Yangtze River floodplain: changes in abundance and distribution. Bird Conservation International 27: 167-186.

Zadegan, S. S.; Prentice, C.; Ilyashenko, E. 2009. Western flyway of the Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus: further releases of captive-reared birds in Rian. Sandgrouse 31(2): 112-121.

Zhou Haixiang. 2006. The finding and protection of Siberian Crane and other waterfowls in key migratory sites in Liaoning. China Crane News 10(2): 32-34.

Zou Chang-Lin; Wang Bo; Wang Yong. 2008. Brief in spring migration of Siberian Crane in Momoge, 2008. China Crane News 12(1): 24.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Crane Specialist Group

Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) Memorandum of Understanding and Conservation Plan

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

International Crane Foundation Species Field Guide

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan

Status, Survey and Conservation Action Plan

This species has been identified as an Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) trigger - click here for more information

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Leucogeranus leucogeranus. Downloaded from on 29/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 29/09/2023.