Short-tailed Frogmouth Batrachostomus poliolophus


Justification of Red List Category
This forest-dependent species is listed as Near Threatened because it is suspected to be undergoing a moderately rapid decline owing to the extensive loss of lowland forests in Sumatra. It is not considered more threatened because it occurs in lower montane forest where habitat loss has been less rapid.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as uncommon and little known (Cleere 1998).

Trend justification
Forest destruction in the Sumatran lowlands has been extensive, but this species's ability to persist at higher elevations suggests that it is not suffering more than a moderately rapid decline.

Distribution and population

Batrachostomus poliolophus is endemic to Sumatra, Indonesia, where it is known from a small number of records from the Barisan range, but is presumably greatly under-recorded because it is nocturnal (BirdLife International 2001).


The species occurs in sub-montane primary forest and mixed pine forest between 660 and 1,400 m. It feeds on insects.


Deforestation in the lower part of its altitudinal range is a threat, even within the protected areas in its range, such as Kerinci-Seblat National Park (P. Benstead pers. obs. 2001).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
No species-specific actions are known, although it does occur within a number of protected areas inside its range.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Using available knowledge of the species call, conduct surveys to improve understanding of the species's range and habitat association. Assess the main threats based on this work. Increase the area of suitable habitat that has protected status.


Text account compilers
Westrip, J., Bird, J., Taylor, J., Benstead, P.

Benstead, P., Eaton, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Batrachostomus poliolophus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2022.