NT
Sharpe's Apalis Apalis sharpii



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2022 Near Threatened A2c+3c+4c
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 752,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing inferred -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 20-25 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 20-25 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as fairly common in forest habitat (del Hoyo et al. 2006). Density estimates of 0.5-2 males per ha in Liberia, and 20.7 individuals per km2 in Ghana have been produced (Gatter 1997, Phalan 2009).

Trend justification: The population is thought to be in decline given this likely sensitivity to habitat disturbance (del Hoyo et al. 2006), and is experiencing ongoing habitat loss and degradation. Although it can persist in selectively logged forest, it only rarely occurs in farmland where sufficient large forest trees remain (B. Phalan in litt. 2022). Tree cover loss within the range is currently estimated at 22% across ten years (Global Forest Watch 2021, using Hansen et al. [2013] data and methods disclosed therein). Assuming that forest loss is continuing at this rate, and that population declines are roughly equivalent for this highly forest dependent species, population declines may be 20-25% over ten years.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Sangbe Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Peko Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Bossematie Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Lamto Ecological Research Station
Côte d'Ivoire Parc National de Taï et Réserve de faune du N'Zo
Côte d'Ivoire Mopri Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Azagny National Park
Ghana Ankasa Resource Reserve - Nini-Sushien National Park
Ghana Atewa Range Forest Reserve
Ghana Bia National Park and Resource Reserve
Ghana Boin Tano Forest Reserve
Ghana Boin River Forest Reserve
Ghana Bosomtwe Range Forest Reserve
Ghana Bura River Forest Reserve
Ghana Cape Three Points Forest Reserve
Ghana Dadieso Forest Reserve
Ghana Draw River Forest Reserve
Ghana Ebi River Shelterbelt Forest Reserve
Ghana Fure River Forest Reserve
Ghana Jema-Asemkrom Forest Reserve
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve
Ghana Mamiri Forest Reserve
Ghana Mount Afadjato - Agumatsa Range forest
Ghana Nsuensa Forest Reserve
Ghana Pra-Sushien Forest Reserve
Ghana Subri River Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Anwia Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Nimiri Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Offin Forest Reserve
Ghana Yoyo River Forest Reserve
Guinea Kounounkan
Guinea Massif du Ziama
Guinea Monts Nimba (part of Mount Nimba transboundary AZE)
Liberia Wologizi mountains
Liberia Wonegizi mountains
Liberia Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex
Liberia Nimba mountains
Liberia Zwedru
Liberia Sapo
Liberia Grebo
Sierra Leone Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Tingi Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Western Area Peninsula Forest National Park
Sierra Leone Kambui Hills Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Gola Forests
Ghana Kyabobo National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 820 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Apalis sharpii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2022.