LC
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2006 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 147 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,590,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be abundant (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Trend justification: The lack of studies and information on population status across the range of the species precludes a detailed appraisal of trends. The species is heavily traded, and trade figures show that large numbers of individuals are being removed from the wild. Between 1985 and 2014, over 800,000 individuals were exported from Africa; this figure likely does not reflect the full extent of trade in the species, as illegal and domestic trade will not have been fully incorporated (Martin 2018). Concern has been expressed that the species is in decline, as population reductions in parts of its range have been reported (Martin et al. 2014).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Benin N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant Yes
Liberia U Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou forest
Burkina Faso Mare aux Hippopotames
Burkina Faso Kaboré Tambi - Nazinga - Sissili complex
Burkina Faso Lake Kompienga
Burkina Faso Arli - W - Singou complex
Burkina Faso Bérégadougou hill
Burkina Faso Diéfoula - Logoniégué forest
Benin W du Bénin National Park
Benin Pendjari National Park
Benin Ouémé river basin
Benin Lama Forest
Central African Republic Manovo - Gounda - St Floris National Park complex
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Sangbe Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Lamto Ecological Research Station
Cameroon Kalamaloué National Park
Cameroon Waza National Park
Cameroon Mayo-Louti Forest Reserve
Cameroon Gashiga - Demsa
Cameroon Bénoué National Park
Cameroon Faro National Park
Cameroon Ngaoundaba Ranch
Ghana Bui National Park
Ghana Damongo Scarp Forest Reserve
Ghana Gambaga Scarp (East) Forest Reserve
Ghana Mole National Park
Ghana Shai Hills Resource Reserve
Ghana Tankwidi Forest Reserve
Gambia Kiang West National Park
Gambia Prufu - Darsilami area
Guinea Badiar
Guinea Nialama
Guinea Chutes de la Sala
Guinea Mafou
Guinea Kabitaï
Guinea-Bissau Rio Cacheu
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary
Guinea-Bissau Dulombi
Guinea-Bissau Lagoas de Cufada
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo
Guinea-Bissau Cantanhez forests
Mali Falaise de Bandiagara
Mali Boucle du Baoulé
Mali Sirakoroni - Tyènfala
Mali Bafing
Niger 'W' National Park
Niger Makalondi district
Nigeria Obudu Plateau
Nigeria Gashaka-Gumti National Park
Nigeria Pandam Wildlife Park
Nigeria IITA Forest Reserve, Ibadan
Nigeria Lower Kaduna - Middle Niger flood-plain
Nigeria Yankari Game Reserve
Nigeria Kainji Lake National Park
Nigeria Amurum woodlands (Taboru)
Nigeria Hadejia-Nguru wetlands
Nigeria Kamuku National Park
Nigeria Assop Falls and hills
Nigeria Falgore and Lame Burra Game Reserves
Nigeria Sunvit Farm
Senegal River Sénégal (Ntiagar to Richard-Toll)
Senegal Ferlo North
Senegal Ferlo South
Senegal Niayes (from Dakar to St Louis)
Senegal La Petite Côte
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Senegal Parc National de Basse Casamance
Senegal Parc National du Niokolo-Koba
Togo Oti Valley Faunal Reserve
Togo Kéran National Park
Togo Fazao-Malfakassa National Park
Ghana Gbele Resource Reserve
Ghana Kalakpa Resource Reserve
Ghana Digya National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Poicephalus senegalus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/01/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/01/2021.