Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2015 Least Concern
2012 Near Threatened A2bc+3bc+4bc
2008 Near Threatened A2b,c; A3b,c; A4b,c
2005 Near Threatened
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 14 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,270,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 50000-350000 medium estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing medium estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 1-19 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 1-19 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 21,400-87,300 pairs (BirdLife International 2015), which equates to 42,700-175,000 mature individuals. The size of the population in Iran is unknown, but Europe is estimated to constitute 50-74% of the global breeding range, so a preliminary estimate of the global population size is 58,000-350,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: Population declines continued across much of south-east Europe during 1990-2000, including key populations in Turkey and European Russia (BirdLife International 2004). More recent data collated from across the species's European range suggests that the European population declined by 1-19% over the last three generations (11.7 years, based on a generation length estimated by BirdLife to be 3.9 years) (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Croatia V Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
France V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Ghana U Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Malta V Extant
Morocco V Extant
Nigeria U Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Bulgaria Strandzha
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Pilio
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Topchiite
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Galata
Russia (European) Floodplain of the Terek river near Staroshchedrinskaya
Russia (European) Alagirskoye i Kurtatinskoye ravines (Severo-Osetinski (North Osetin) Nature Reserve)
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers
Russia (European) Lower Urushten river
Russia (European) Kayakentski reserve
Russia (European) Shapsugsko-Takhtamutaiskaya rice-irrigation system
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Lebanon Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve
Lebanon Southern El Kabir River
Lebanon Ras Al Chaqaa
Russia (European) Vicinity of Dakhovka
Turkey Munzur Mountains
Russia (European) Sochinsky National Park
Turkey Terkos Basin
Turkey İğneada Forests
Turkey Uludağ
Turkey Yenice forest
Turkey İlgaz Mountains
Turkey Küre Mountains
Turkey Karçal Mountains
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains
Armenia Dsegh
Armenia Haghartsin
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Tourism & recreation areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Ficedula semitorquata. Downloaded from on 14/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 14/08/2020.