Scarlet-fronted Parakeet Psittacara wagleri


Justification of Red List Category
This newly split species is listed as Near Threatened because it is suspected to be undergoing a moderately rapid decline owing to on-going habitat loss and trapping pressure.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'common' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification
The population trend has apparently not been quantified, but it is suspected to be in moderately rapid decline owing to persecution and land-use change (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Distribution and population

Psittacara wagleri is found in western Colombia and northern Venezuela (Juniper and Parr 1998, Hilty 2003). It is described as a fairly common but now somewhat local resident in Venezuela, with present numbers said to be doubtless much reduced (Hilty 2003), and declines likely in other parts of its range (Forshaw 2006).


It occurs in moist and humid forest, secondary growth, cultivated areas, including coffee plantations and cornfields, where it is a pest, generally to 2,000 m (Juniper and Parr 1998, Hilty 2003).


The species has been heavily traded and wild-caught individuals have been recorded in international trade (UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database). Heavy domestic trade in this species has been noted in Venezuela (del Hoyo et al. 1997). Persecution, because of its status as a crop pest, may also be contributing to the decline. The current levels of trapping pressure and persecution are not known, but they are precuationarily assumed to be driving a negative population trend. Although this species shows flexible habitat use and exploits crops, it is suspected that land-use change is contributing to a decline in the species's population, and habitat clearance is presumed to have driven the decline of this species in Colombia (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
The species is listed under CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Carry out surveys to assess the species's population size and trend. Quantify the current impact from trapping. Monitor trade levels. Carry out awareness-raising activities to reduce trapping activities and trade in Psittacids. Increase the area of suitable natural habitat that receives effective protection.


Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J., Stattersfield, A., Symes, A. & Taylor, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Psittacara wagleri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/04/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/04/2020.