Sardinian Warbler Curruca melanocephala


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,180,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 16,000,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 25000000-53999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 7,650,000-16,100,000 pairs, which equates to 15,300,000-32,100,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.60% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 25,500,000-53,500,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing owing to a recent expansion of its breeding range. In Europe, trends between 1989 and 2013 were stable (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Austria V Extant
Azerbaijan U Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Germany V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary V Extant
Iceland V Extant
Iraq U Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova V Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman V Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine V Extant
United Kingdom V Extant
Western Sahara N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Karpas Peninsula
Cyprus Pafos Plain
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Mount Parnitha
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Mount Kedros and Kourtaliotiko gorge, Crete
Greece Mount Idi, Crete
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Northern Sifnos
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Nisyros island and surrounding islets
Greece Chalki island and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Zakrou, Crete
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Mounts Agia Dynati and Kokkini Rachi, Kefalonia
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Galaxidi
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Apsalos and Moglenitsa gorges
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Lower Kalamas gorge
Greece Amorgos island
Greece Patmos island and surrounding islets
Greece Echinades, Kalamos and Atokos islands
Greece Kinaros and Levitha islands and surrounding islets
Greece Islands and islets of northern Dodecanese
Greece Kalymnos, Telendos, Kalolimnos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Psili Ammos lagoon, Samos
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Greece Northern Syros
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Western Skyros and islets
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Paramythia mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Tilos island and surrounding islets
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Fournoi island
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Symi island and surrounding islets
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Astypalaia island and surrounding islets
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Serifos island
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece Lake Dystos
Greece Farsala area
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Lavreotiki peninsula and Patroklos islet
Greece Samothraki island
Greece Mount Pilio
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Zakynthos island
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Greece Ios, Sikinos and Folegandros islands
Greece Western, eastern and southern Rhodes
Greece Mount Dikaios, lake Psalidi and Alyki lagoon, Kos
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece Northeastern peninsula of Crete
Spain Dragonera Island-La Trapa
Spain Archipelago of Cabrera
Spain Coastal cliffs between Cape Enderrocat and Cala Pí
Spain Mountains of Barcelona
Spain Montagut and Montmell mountains
Spain Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains
Spain Muela mountain range and Cape Tiñoso
Spain Quipar reservoir, Molino mountain range and Cagitán plains
Spain Moratalla mountain range
Spain Fausilla mountains
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains
Spain Ricote and Nevela mountain ranges
Spain La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges
Spain Pila mountain range
Spain Sierra Morena de Sevilla
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range
Spain Bajo Alcanadre-Serreta de Tramaced
Spain Valdurrios-Serreta Negra and Los Rincones mountain ranges
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges
Spain Iruelas valley
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros
Spain Monfragüe
Spain Sierra Morena de Córdoba
Spain Las Mercedes, Mina y Yedra, Aguirre, La Goleta and Pedro Alvarez mountains
Spain Mountain of Agua, gully of Los Cochinos and gully of Cuevas Negras
Spain Santa Trsula and La Victoria laurel forest
Spain Step rocks of Hermigua and Agulo
Spain Garajonay National Park
Spain La Palma laurel forest
Spain El Canal y Los Tiles laurel forest
Spain La Dehesa grasslands
Spain Ventejís mountain
Spain Frontera laurel forest
Spain Gully of Ajuí-Betancuria
France Etang de Capestang
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria
France Iles Finocchiarola et côte de Tamarone à Centuri
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Camargue
France Crau
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Iles Marseillaises: Maire, Jarron, Jarre, Riou, Calseraigne, Congloue et Pomègues
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Iles d'Hyères
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Lake Alviano
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Vico lake
Italy Lake Bracciano and surrounding areas
Italy Tolfa hills
Italy Alburni mountains
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Coast between Marina di Camerota and Policastro Bussentino
Italy Murge
Italy Pollino
Italy Coast between Bosa and Alghero
Italy Orosei Gulf, Supramonte and Gennargentu
Italy San Pietro and Sant'Antioco islands
Italy Egadi islands
Italy Mount Cofano, Cape San Vito and Mount Sparagio
Italy Litorale Romano
Italy Ausoni and Aurunci mountains
Italy Arezzo heathlands
Italy Nebrodi
Italy Madonie
Italy Tuscan Archipelago
Italy Argentario
Italy Carso
Italy Mounts Orsomarso and Verbicaro
Italy Mount Pecoraro and Pizzo Cirina
Italy Anapo gorges
Gibraltar (to UK) Rock of Gibraltar
Serbia Pcinja
Croatia Neretva Delta
Algeria Belezma
Libya Karabolli
Libya Jabal al Akhdar
Libya Nefhusa
Libya Zallaf
Libya Ghat oases
Morocco Jbel Moussa
Morocco Parc Naturel de Talassemtane
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya
Morocco Barrage Mohamed V
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba
Morocco Parc National de Tazekka
Morocco Jbel Zerhoun
Morocco Dwiyate
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane
Morocco Région Fouchal - Matarka
Morocco Aguelmane de Sidi Ali Ta'nzoult
Morocco Oued Matil: Ksob
Morocco Parc National de Toubkal
Morocco Tamri and Imsouane
Morocco Tarhazoute
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Morocco Msseyed
Tunisia Archipel de la Galite
Tunisia Ichkeul
Tunisia Jbel el Haouaria
Tunisia Plaines de Kairouan
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Tunisia Metbassta
Tunisia Barrage El Houareb
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi El Hani
Tunisia Chaâmbi
Tunisia Îles Kerkennah
Tunisia Bouhedma
Tunisia Steppe de Gafsa
Tunisia Sebkhet Ennoual
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreiaâ
Tunisia Chott Djerid
Tunisia Golfe de Boughrara
Tunisia Jbil
Tunisia Sidi Toui
Tunisia El Feidja
Italy Argentario, Laguna di Orbetello Lagoon e Lago di Burano
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands
Syria Mount Hermon
Jordan Dana
Jordan Dibbin Forest
Portugal Malcata mountains
France Iles Cerbicale
Bulgaria Madzharovo
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Bulgaria Krumovitza
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Lebanon Wadi Jouhanam
Lebanon Lower Damour River
Turkey Kelkit Valley
Turkey Alaçatı
Turkey Dilek Peninsula
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula
Turkey Bey Mountains
Turkey Güllük Mountain
Turkey Köprüçay Valley
Turkey Bolkar Mountains
Turkey Amanos Mountains
Turkey Tahtalı Mountains
Malta Ta'Cenc cliffs
Malta Comino island
Malta Buskett and Wied il-Luq
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Lebanon Ramlieh Valley
Lebanon Rim - Sannine Mountain
Lebanon Bentael forest area
Lebanon Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains
Tunisia Aqueduc de Zaghouan
Syria Jabal al-Shuah
Turkey Mahal Hills
Turkey Kizildag Izmir
Turkey Bodrum Peninsula

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Curruca melanocephala. Downloaded from on 05/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/12/2022.