LC
Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Antigone canadensis (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Grus.

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 33,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 4,530,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 13.9 - - -

Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations may be stable (Wetlands International 2006). This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant increase over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant Yes
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Cuba N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Ireland V Extant
Japan N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Russia N Extant
Russia (Asian) N Extant
South Korea N Extant
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) V Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) V Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
USA N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Russia (Asian) Kolyma delta
Russia (Asian) Lower Anadyr lowlands
Russia (Asian) Kanchalan river basin
Russia (Asian) Meechkyn spit and adjacent plain
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site
Canada Wavy Lake
Canada Beaverhill Lake
Canada Frank Lake (north)
Canada White Lake Area
Canada Douglas Lake Plateau
Canada Tachick and Nulki Lakes
Canada Nelson River Estuary and Marsh Point
Canada Netley-Libau Marsh
Canada Oak Lake/Plum Lakes Area
Canada Whitewater Lake
Canada Langruth - Rm of Lakeview
Canada Saskatchewan River Delta
Canada Queen Maud Gulf
Canada St. Mary's River Complex (Echo Bay ON to Maxton Bay MI)
Canada Holiday Beach / Big Creek CA
Canada Moose River Estuary
Canada Spring Bay
Canada Northeast James Bay Coast
Canada Last Mountain Lake National Wildlife Area
Canada Quill Lakes
Canada Luck Lake
Canada Galloway and Miry Bay
Canada Kutawagan Lake
Canada Foam Lake
Canada Ponass Lake
Canada McIntyre Beach and Rose Spit
Cuba Cienaga de Lanier y Sur de la Isla de la Juventud
Cuba Ciénaga de Zapata
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila
Mexico Janos-Nuevo Casas Grandes
USA Jasper-Pulaski Fish and Wildlife Area and surrounding areas
USA Rowe Sanctuary
USA Upper Tanana River Valley
Mexico Laguna de Mexicanos
USA Willcox Playa /Cochise Lakes
USA Whitewater Draw State Wildlife Area
USA Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge
USA Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge
USA Ladd S. Gordon Waterfowl Complex
USA Hiwassee Wildlife Refuge
USA Crex Meadows State Wildlife Area
Mexico Laguna de Bustillos

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Antigone canadensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/08/2020.