Salvadori's Nightjar Caprimulgus pulchellus


Justification of Red List Category
This species is listed as Near Threatened because there are some indications that it has a moderately small population that may be undergoing a continuing decline owing to forest loss. However, little is currently known about the species's population size and structure, and the impact of threats, thus further research is warranted.

Population justification
This species is assumed to have a moderately small population because the area of available habitat is not large and it is not common within its range. It is placed in the band 10,000-19,999 individuals, equating to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to on-going habitat destruction and degradation (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Distribution and population

Caprimulgus pulchellus is restricted to Sumatra (South Barisan Mountains) and Java, Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). Surveys in Java reported the species to be uncommon (1-3 individuals observed per day) at Gunung Salak and Gunung Slamet (Mittermeier et al. 2014). It is likely to be moderately secure in small numbers at higher elevations, but losing habitat and populations at lower levels where encroachment is occurring.


It occurs in montane and submontane forest at 800-2,100 m, but perhaps only up to 1,800 m on Java (Holyoak 2001, N. Cleere in litt. 2016). Breeding season is late March to May on Java (N. Cleere in litt. 2016).


Habitat encroachment at lower elevations is a threat, with logging and agricultural expansion continuing.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Protect montane forests and ensure that they are not encroached upon in future. Estimate rates of forest loss and the total area remaining to improve the assessment of this species's status.


Text account compilers
Bird, J., Taylor, J., Westrip, J., Benstead, P.

Cleere, N., Mittermeier, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Caprimulgus pulchellus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/03/2023.