Salinas Monjita Xolmis salinarum


Justification of Red List Category
This species is classified as Near Threatened as it has a moderately small range. The population is assumed to be currently stable, but any indication of increasing threats to the species may result in its uplisting to a higher category of threat.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as locally uncommon to fairly common (del Hoyo et al. 2004).

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Distribution and population

Neoxolmis salinarum is locally uncommon to fairly common around Salinas Grandes and Salinas de Ambargasta, north-west Argentina (north-west Córdoba, extreme south Catamarca, south-west Santiago del Estero and east La Rioja).


It is restricted to semi-open scrub growing in salt-impregnated soil at elevations of 100-200 m (Ridgely and Tudor 1994, Parker et al. 1996).


There is small-scale salt extraction in parts of Córdoba but this does not directly affect this species's habitat (J. Mazar Barnett in litt. 1999). Its moderately small range is concerning, but no other threats are known.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Regularly monitor population within its small range for any indication of a decline. Research potential future threats. Develop a species action plan to be implemented if its restricted habitat becomes threatened. Consider protecting an area of suitable habitat.


Text account compilers
Capper, D., Mahood, S., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

Mazar Barnett, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Xolmis salinarum. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/11/2019.