EN
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- A2bcde+3cde+4bcde A2bcde+3cde+4bcde

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Endangered A2bcde+3cde+4bcde
2013 Endangered A2bcde+3cde+4bcde
2012 Endangered A2bcde+3cde+4bcde
2010 Vulnerable A2b,c,d; A3c,d; A4b,c,d
2008 Endangered A2b,c,d; A3c,d; A4b,c,d
2004 Endangered
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 21,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 43,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 12200-29800 medium estimated 2014
Population trend Decreasing medium estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 50-79 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 50-79 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.4 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.12,200-29,800 mature individuals, based on national population estimates of breeding pairs (Dixon 2009, A. Dixon in litt. 2012, A. Levin in litt. 2012, BirdLife International unpubl. data, Kovács et al. 2014) that total c.6,100-14,900 pairs (median c.10,500).

Trend justification: Assuming a generation length of 6.4 years and that the species's decline had already begun (at least in some areas) prior to the 1990s (consumption in the Middle East was heavy by the mid-1980s), the overall population trend during the 19-year period 1993-2012 equates to a 47% decline (based on median estimates), with a minimum-maximum decline of 2-75%. Given the substantial degree of uncertainty over the estimates used, the population trend is best placed precautionarily in the band for a 50-79% decline over three generations.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania V Extant
Algeria V Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh V Extant
Belarus V Extant
Bhutan V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burundi V Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Chad U Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti V Extant
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes Yes
Estonia V Extant
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Finland V Extant
France V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes Yes
Germany N Possibly Extinct Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
India N Extant Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Lithuania V Extant
Mali N Extant Yes Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco V Extant
Nepal N Extant Yes
Niger U Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal V Extant
Qatar U Extant
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal V Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
South Korea V Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain V Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania V Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extinct Yes
Uganda V Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
North Macedonia Demir Kapija Gorge
North Macedonia River Bregalnica
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Azerbaijan Vilajchai valley
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Romania Niculitel and Babadag forest
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Moldova Purcari - Etulia
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Hungary Gemenc
Hungary Mátra
Hungary Gerecse
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Bükk
Hungary Bihar Plain
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Börzsöny
Hungary Heves Plain
Hungary Béda–Karapancsa
Hungary Kisköre reservoir
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Kesznyéten
Hungary Gerje-sik
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Nerussa - Desna woodland
Russia (European) Watershed between Sura and Barysh rivers
Ukraine Karadaz'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Tarkhankuts'kyj peninsula
Ukraine Bilogir'ya
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Izyums'ka Luka forest
Serbia Jegricka
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Sysľovské fields
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia Medzibodrožie
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolické hills
Slovakia Burda
Slovakia Považský Inovec
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Stara mountains
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Croatia Kopacki Rit Special Zoological Reserve
Croatia River Drava
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Afghanistan Hari Rud valley
Afghanistan Dashte Nawar
Afghanistan Small Pamir
Afghanistan North-western steppe
Mongolia Eej Khad
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area
Jordan Shaumari
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum
Jordan Burqu'
Saudi Arabia Harrat al-Harrah
Syria Buhayrat al-Khatuniyah
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Russia (European) Kalachskaya Loop of Don River
Saudi Arabia Dawmat al-Jandl wetland
China (mainland) Aqqik Kol and alpine grassland
Russia (Central Asian) Korgonskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Dzhulukul' depression
Russia (Central Asian) Plateau Ukok
Russia (Central Asian) Natural reserve Kuznetskij Alatau
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskie of a bog 2
Czechia Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers - Tvrdonicko
Russia (European) Karakulinskaya flood-plain
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Kamenski Bair
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Russia (Central Asian) Blagoveschenskaya (Kulunda lake and vicinity)
Russia (Central Asian) Bobrovsko-Rasskazikhinskaya
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Kanskaya Steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Ata-Anay Lake
Afghanistan Big Pamir
Afghanistan Bande Amir
Mongolia Dayan Lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e-Moghan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nowruzlu and Ghazanlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Abbas-abad dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Mongolia Tarialan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e Naz Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kavir region
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khosh-Yeilagh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Touran
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i Jowin and Rud-i Kalshur
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-i Gaz
Iran, Islamic Republic of Assadabad plain
Iran, Islamic Republic of Mooteh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kalmand Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bamou National Park
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahram-e-Gour Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Monde Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Mongolia Darkhad Depression
Mongolia Bulgan Tal
Mongolia Ikh Gazriin Chuluu
Mongolia Taigam Lake
Mongolia Erdenesant Mountains
Mongolia Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area
Mongolia Jargalant Khairkhan Mountain
Mongolia Govi Gurvan Saikhan Mountain
Mongolia Gorkhi-Terelj National Park
Mongolia Sharga Lake
Mongolia Galba Gobi
Mongolia Erkhel Lake
Israel Judean foothills
Israel Judean desert
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Mongolia Borzon Gobi
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness
Saudi Arabia Jabal Aja and Northern Ha'il
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park
Saudi Arabia Qishran Bay
Syria Tual al-'Abba
Syria Tadmur desert and mountains
Yemen Mafraq al-Mukha
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Uzbekistan Mount Aktau
Kazakhstan Toraygyr Ridge
Uzbekistan Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Uzbekistan Nuratau Range
Uzbekistan Bukantau Mountain Range
Uzbekistan Amankutan (Takhtakaracha Pass)
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe
Kazakhstan Cherdoyak
Turkmenistan Koytendag
Turkmenistan Sumbar
Kazakhstan Mugodzhary
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Turkmenistan Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun
Turkmenistan Ersarybaba - Akkyr
Turkmenistan Depmechay
Turkmenistan Akjagaya
Uzbekistan Amudarya floodlands near Termez
Kazakhstan North-western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Kazakhstan Western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau
Turkmenistan Karabogaz
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Central Marchfeld
Turkmenistan Goyungyrlan
Kazakhstan Kaundy Depression
Kazakhstan Basgurly-Zhazgurly Depression
Uzbekistan Dzheiran Ecocentre
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Turkey South Shore of Lake Van
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Tajikistan Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria)
Tajikistan Karakul lake and mountains
Tajikistan Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes)
Tajikistan Kayrakkum Reservoir
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve
Tajikistan Dzhavshangoz
Ukraine Voloshans'ka dacha
Tajikistan Kondara Gorge
Tajikistan Iskanderkul lake and mountains
Tajikistan Drumkul Lake
Ukraine Komisarovskyj Forest
Kazakhstan Aktau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Ulytau Mountains
Turkmenistan Garachop
Tajikistan Aktash massif
Tajikistan Mogoltau massif
Kazakhstan Iskrinskie Pine Forests
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Tajikistan Dangara massif
Tajikistan Kulikalon Lakes
Tajikistan Ishkashim
Kazakhstan Ortau upland massif
Kazakhstan Ayak-Bestau Hills
Tajikistan Dashtidjum
Tajikistan Kattasay and Daganasay Reservoirs
Tajikistan Sarazm
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube
Russia (European) Buinakskaya depression
Russia (European) Malka river ravine
Kazakhstan Amankaragay Forest
Uzbekistan Central section of the Kurama Mountain Range
Russia (European) Shur-Dere and Rubas foothills
Kazakhstan Arkaly Mountains
Kazakhstan Karabas Mountains
Kazakhstan Ertis Ormany (Shaldai Forest)
Kazakhstan Semey Ormany (Semipalatinsk Forest)
Uzbekistan Pulatkhan Gorge
Uzbekistan Darasay Gorge
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau
Uzbekistan Middle reaches of the Sherabad River
Uzbekistan Buzaubay
Turkmenistan Badhyz
Kazakhstan Zhagalbayly and Tuyemoynak Hills
Kazakhstan Eastern Kazakhstan uplands
Turkmenistan Garabil
Turkmenistan Garashor
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Turkmenistan Delili - Garajabatyr
Turkmenistan Koymat - Begarslan
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz
Turkmenistan South Cheleken Bay
Turkmenistan Tejen
Turkmenistan Tekejik - Biynekyr
Turkmenistan Uzboy
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Lebanon Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve
Lebanon Hima Anjar - Kfar Zabad
Lebanon Metn
Lebanon Ras Al Chaqaa
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Uzbekistan Gissar State Nature Reserve
Uzbekistan Northern part of the Assake-Audan depression
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Kazakhstan Manyrak Mountains
Turkmenistan Gorelde
Turkey Nemrut Mountain
Russia (Central Asian) Gornaya Kolyvan'
Russia (Asian) Sayanski canyon of the Enisey river
Russia (Asian) Islands of the Enisey river near Shushenskoye
Russia (Asian) Perovo lake
Hungary North Bakony
Turkey İğdır Plain
Slovakia Východoslovenská plain
Slovakia Špacince - Nižná
Slovakia Košice valley
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya
Turkey Ziyaret Mountain and Ahlat Marshes
Russia (European) Shugurovskoye plateau
Russia (European) Sources of Akshibai river
Russia (European) Saraly
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng
Kazakhstan Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Germany Schwalmaue around Schwalmstadt
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Beştepe - Mahmudia
Romania Câmpia Nirului - Valea lerului
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Denis Tepe
Romania Gruia - Gârla Mare
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Kogălniceanu - Gura Ialomiţei
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Babadag wood
Romania Horga - Zorleni
Romania Stepa Casimcea
Romania Fizes valley
Romania Stepa Saraiu - Horea
Romania Lake Taşaul
Kyrgyzstan Western Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Son-Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Alai
Hungary Del-Hevesi-sik
Mongolia Khangain Nuruu National Park
Mongolia Khar Yamaat Nature Reserve
Mongolia Santmargatsyn Bayan Lake
Mongolia Khasagt Khairkhan Mountain
Mongolia Orog Lake
Mongolia Khokh Serkhiin Nuruu
Mongolia Onon-Balj
Mongolia Khustain Nuruu National Park
Mongolia Maikhant Mountain
Mongolia Oigon Lake
Mongolia Nomrog
Mongolia Telmen Lake
Mongolia Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake
Mongolia Tolbo Lake
Mongolia Tsengel Khairkhan Mountain
Mongolia Ugtam Nature Reserve
Mongolia Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Chokpak Pass
China (mainland) Karamay Mountains
China (mainland) Area between Qinghai Hu and A'nyêmaqên
China (mainland) Aksayqin Hu and alpine grassland
China (mainland) Altay forest and steppe
China (mainland) Baytik Shan
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley
China (mainland) Burgen River Valley
China (mainland) Bulungkol grassland and wetland
China (mainland) Barkol Lake and grassland
China (mainland) Burqin River and Kanas Lake
China (mainland) Changshagongma Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Ayark Kol and alpine grassland
China (mainland) Haizishan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Ili River basin
China (mainland) Jingyu Hu
China (mainland) Mori Grassland
China (mainland) Qapqal grassland and wetland
China (mainland) Tacheng (Qoqek) area
China (mainland) Ulugqat grassland and wetland
China (mainland) Xiaohegou Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Xining
China (mainland) Zoigê (Ruo'ergai) Marshes
Uzbekistan Ayakaghytma lake and surrounding desert
Uzbekistan Sarykamysh lake and surrounding Ustyurt Plateau
Kazakhstan Zhusandala
Kazakhstan Ural River Valley
Afghanistan Imam Sahib
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Russia (Asian) Aginskiye lakes
Egypt Ras Mohammed National Park
Ethiopia Bale Mountains National Park
Saudi Arabia Taif escarpment
Syria Ras al-Ayn
Russia (Asian) Barluksko-Sayanskaya floodplain of Oka river and Kuitunskaya foreststeppe
Russia (Asian) Bain-Tsaganskiye lakes
Russia (Asian) Middle Onon
Yemen Bab al-Mandab - Mawza
Serbia Okanj I Rusanda
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Titelski breg
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake
Uzbekistan Talimardzhan Reservoir
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Kythira island
Greece Antikythira island and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
China (mainland) Amula Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Duopugou Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Gonggaishan Nature Reserve (Kangding)
China (mainland) Jintangkongyu Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Kangding
China (mainland) Kasongdu Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Keluodong Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Pengdaxiang
China (mainland) Xinluhai Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Yarlung Zangbo Daxiagu Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Zheduo Shan
Kazakhstan Shcherbakty Lakes
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Bosnia and Herzegovina North Travunija
Libya Jabal al Akhdar
Lebanon Semi-arid north-western Anti-Lebanon
Serbia Srednja Backa
Turkmenistan Sarygamysh
Turkmenistan Repetek
Turkmenistan Tallymerjen
Tajikistan Turkestan (TJ)
Serbia Juzna Backa
Serbia Juzni Banat
Serbia Slatine srednjeg Banata
India Inderkilla National Park
India Gosabara (Mokarsar) wetland complex
Serbia Vrsacki ritovi

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land major breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland major breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas marginal unknown
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations - Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Hybridisation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Large dams Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Falco cherrug. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2020.