Rüppell's Warbler Curruca ruppeli


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 790,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,450,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 315000-1599999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe the population is estimated to be 103,000-510,000 pairs, which equates to 206,000-1,020,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 65% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 315,000-1,570,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe the population size is estimated to be decreasing by less than 25% in 12 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria V Extant
Bulgaria V Extant
Chad N Extant
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea V Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of V Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Mali V Extant
Malta V Extant
Niger V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Romania V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Cyprus Karpas Peninsula
Cyprus Cape Greco
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Cyprus Pafos Plain
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Lake Dystos
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Idi, Crete
Greece Mount Asterousia (Kofinas), Crete
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Nisyros island and surrounding islets
Greece Chalki island and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Kryoneritis, Crete
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Islands and islets of northern Dodecanese
Greece Kalymnos, Telendos, Kalolimnos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Artemisio and Lyrkeio mountains
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece Gavdos and Gavdopoula islands, Crete
Italy Ponziane islands
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands
Syria Jabal Slenfeh
Syria Umm al-Tuyyur
Jordan Dana
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Turkey Alaçatı
Turkey Dilek Peninsula
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula
Turkey Bey Mountains
Turkey Güllük Mountain
Turkey Köprüçay Valley
Turkey Bolkar Mountains
Turkey Amanos Mountains
Turkey Tahtalı Mountains
Syria Jabal al-Shuah
Turkey Mahal Hills
Turkey Kizildag Izmir
Turkey Bodrum Peninsula

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 1600 m

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Curruca ruppeli. Downloaded from on 06/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/12/2022.