Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin Cercotrichas galactotes


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass 19 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 32,900,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 13,200,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 4000000-12999999 mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend stable - suspected -
Generation length 3.8 years - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 230,000-623,000 pairs, which equates to 460,000-1,250,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.10% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 4,600,000-12,500,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The small European population is estimated to be decreasing by less than 25% in 11.4 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native
Armenia extant native yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahrain extant native yes yes
Benin extant vagrant
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native yes
Bulgaria extant native yes
Burkina Faso extant native
Cameroon extant native
Central African Republic extant native
Chad extant native
China (mainland) extant vagrant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant vagrant
Cyprus extant native
Djibouti extant native
Egypt extant native
Eritrea extant native
Ethiopia extant native
France extant vagrant
Gambia extant vagrant
Georgia extant native yes
Germany extant vagrant
Gibraltar (to UK) extant native
Greece extant native yes
Hungary extant vagrant
India extant native
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes
Iraq extant native yes
Ireland extant vagrant
Israel extant native yes
Italy extant native
Jordan extant native yes yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kenya extant native
Kuwait extant native yes yes
Lebanon extant native yes yes
Libya extant native
Malawi extant vagrant
Mali extant native
Malta extant native
Mauritania extant native
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant native
Niger extant native
Nigeria extant native
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant vagrant
Oman extant native yes yes
Pakistan extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Qatar extant native yes yes
Romania extant vagrant
Russia extant vagrant yes
Russia (European) extant vagrant yes
Saudi Arabia extant native yes yes
Senegal extant native
Serbia extant native yes
Somalia extant native
South Sudan extant native yes yes
Spain extant native yes
Sri Lanka extant vagrant
Sudan extant native
Switzerland extant vagrant
Syria extant native yes yes
Tajikistan extant native yes
Tanzania extant vagrant
Tunisia extant native
Türkiye extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Uganda extant vagrant
Ukraine extant vagrant
United Arab Emirates extant native yes yes
United Kingdom extant vagrant
Uzbekistan extant native yes
Western Sahara extant native yes
Yemen extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 1500 m

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Cercotrichas galactotes. Downloaded from on 27/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/02/2024.