LC
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 50 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 23,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 14,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 800000-2899999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 88,900-283,000 pairs, which equates to 178,000-566,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.20% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 890,000-2,830,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The European population is estimated to be decreasing by less than 25% in 11.4 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Benin V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extinct Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar V Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger V Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Togo V Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Karst
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Idi, Crete
Greece Mount Peristeri
Greece Nisyros island and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Hungary Bükk
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Spain Alt Pallars
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Gistreo and Coto mountain ranges
Spain Riaño
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Ancares mountains
Spain La Cabrera mountain range
Spain Montes Aquilanos range
Spain Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons
Spain Oña and Tesla mountain ranges
Spain Duratón canyon
Spain Tiermes-Caracena
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range
Spain Guara mountain range
Spain Peñagolosa
Spain Morella pass
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Vallée de la Restonica
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Bois du Chapitre
France Bec de Crigne
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Parc National de la Vanoise
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Laga mountains
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Pollino
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Alpi Apuane
Italy Camonica valley
Italy Lepini mountains
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Val Grande
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Veľká Fatra
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Vihorlat
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Piora - Dötra
Switzerland Simplon region
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Augstmatthorn
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz
Montenegro Biogradska woods
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
France Basses Corbières
France Cirque de Gavarnie
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Basse Ardêche
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lisar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khosh-Yeilagh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Sarani
Iran, Islamic Republic of Tandoureh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Taftan
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Italy Lagorai mountains
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Austria Karwendel
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Grigne
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan
Italy Val d'Ossola
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Italy Monte Rosa (versante valdostano) ed Alta Val Sesia
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Slovenia Breginjski Stol and Planja
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Germany High alps of Allgäu
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Slovenia Breginjski Stol
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Serbia Pester
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Serbia Gornji Visok and Vidlic

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subarctic suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 1250 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits 500 - 5000 m

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Monticola saxatilis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/07/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/07/2022.