Rufous-brown Solitaire Cichlopsis leucogenys


Justification of Red List category
This species is listed as Endangered because it is thought to have a very small population size, divided into multiple small subpopulations, which are thought to be declining as a result of habitat loss.

Population justification
The species is thought to have a population size of <2,500 mature individuals with ≤ 250 mature individuals in each subpopulation (MMA 2014).

Trend justification
The population is inferred to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction and degradation.

Distribution and population

This species is found only on the east coast of Brazil in the states of Bahia and Espírito Santo.


This species is found in lower montane mossy forest and dense secondary growth (Collar 2016).


This species is threatened by deforestation as a result of expanding human populations.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
Conservation Actions ProposedConduct surveys to get more accurate knowledge of the species's range, population size and trends. Attempt to protect areas of remaining habitat.


Text account compilers
Butchart, S. & Ekstrom, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Cichlopsis leucogenys. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/rufous-brown-solitaire-cichlopsis-leucogenys on 26/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 26/02/2024.