Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus


Buckley, P. A. and F. G. Buckley. 2002. Royal Tern (Thalasseus maximus). In: A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill (eds), The Birds of North America, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY.

Butcher, G. & Niven, D. 2007. Combining data from the Christmas Bird Count and the Breeding Bird Survey to determine the continental status and trends of North America Birds. National Audubon Society, New York, NY.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Gochfeld, M., Burger, J. and Garcia, E.F.J. 2018. Royal Tern (Thalasseus maximus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Richards, A. 1990. Seabirds of the northern hemisphere. Dragon's World Ltd, Limpsfield, U.K.

Wetlands International. 2006. Waterbird Population Estimates – Fourth Edition. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Thalasseus maximus. Downloaded from on 07/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 07/02/2023.