Rose-ringed Parakeet Alexandrinus krameri


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 28,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be common to abundant throughout its natural range (del Hoyo et al. 1997), while the population in Japan has been estimated at c.100-10,000 introduced breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Austria I Extinct Yes
Bahrain I Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Belgium I Extant Yes
Benin N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Cape Verde V Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Cuba I Extant Yes
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt I Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
France I Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Germany I Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) I Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of I Extant Yes
Iraq I Extant Yes
Israel I Extant Yes
Italy I Extant Yes
Japan I Extant Yes
Jordan I Extant Yes
Kenya I Extant Yes
Kuwait I Extant Yes
Lebanon I Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Macao (China) I Extant Yes
Maldives I Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Mauritius I Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands I Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Oman I Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Portugal I Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) I Extant Yes
Qatar I Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia I Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Singapore I Extant Yes
Slovenia I Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant Yes
South Africa I Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain I Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Syria I Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes
Turkey I Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates I Extant Yes
United Kingdom I Extant Yes
USA I Extant Yes
Venezuela I Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes
Yemen I Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Alexandrinus krameri. Downloaded from on 02/07/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 02/07/2022.