LC
Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 30 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 26,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 9,040,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 20000000-49999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 2,140,000-4,620,000 pairs, which equates to 4,290,000-9,230,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.20% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 21,450,000-46,150,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1998 and 2013 show that populations are stable (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria V Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Cyprus V Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany V Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Malta V Extant Yes
Monaco N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovenia V Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Switzerland V Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Portugal Ponta de São Lourenço
Azerbaijan Gobustan area
Azerbaijan Mount Ilandag
Azerbaijan Negram mountains
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Galaxidi
Greece Northern Syros
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Spain La Mola of Formentera
Spain La Dehesa grasslands
France Vallée du Régino
France Basses Corbières
France Plateau de Valensole
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Bois du Chapitre
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Georgia Iori Region
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Plaine de Villefagnan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Jordan Dana
Jordan Petra
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube
Russia (European) Alagirskoye i Kurtatinskoye ravines (Severo-Osetinski (North Osetin) Nature Reserve)
Russia (European) Digoriya rocks
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Petronia petronia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2022.