Rock Bunting Emberiza cia


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 20,900,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 16,700,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 7000000-16999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,930,000-4,230,000 pairs, which equates to 3,860,000-8,460,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.50% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 7,700,000-16,900,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1998 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia V Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait V Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya V Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant Yes
Malta V Extant Yes
Monaco N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
San Marino N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan V Extant Yes
Sweden V Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia Karst
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Parnitha
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Kythira island
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Hungary Mátra
Hungary Bükk
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Vico lake
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Foreste Casentinesi
Italy Arezzo heathlands
Italy Carso
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Val Grande
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolické hills
Slovakia Burda
Slovakia Vihorlat
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Wachau
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rheingau
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Middle-eastern Black Forest
Montenegro Biogradska woods
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Parc National de la Vanoise
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain
Afghanistan Khost
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Lagorai mountains
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Austria Karwendel
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Italy Grigne
Italy Finalese
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Italy Monte Rosa (versante valdostano) ed Alta Val Sesia
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Slovenia Breginjski Stol and Planja
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Slovenia Rocky faces of Posavsko hribovje
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Bergstraße Dossenheim-Schriesheim
Germany Wachenberg near Weinheim
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Emberiza cia. Downloaded from on 29/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 29/06/2022.