NT
Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2012 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2008 Near Threatened A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 492,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium estimated 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -

Population justification: Partners in Flight estimated the population to number fewer than 50,000 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt. 2008), thus it is placed in the band 20,000-49,999 individuals here. It is thought that some subpopulations may be increasing or at least stable whilst others are declining (S. Renner in litt. 2016).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to widespread deforestation.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
El Salvador N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Panama N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Panama La Amistad International Park
Panama Volcán Barú National Park
Panama Fortuna Forest Reserve
Panama Santa Fé National Park
Costa Rica Arenal-Monteverde
Costa Rica Talamanca Highlands
Costa Rica El Rodeo, Cerros de Escazú and La Carpintera
Costa Rica Central Volcanic Cordillera
Costa Rica La Amistad Caribe
Costa Rica Los Santos, La Amistad Pacífico
Nicaragua Dipilto-Jalapa Mountain Range
Nicaragua Miraflor
Nicaragua Datanlí-El Diablo Hill
Nicaragua Kilambe Hill
Nicaragua Arenal Hill
Nicaragua Musun Hill
Nicaragua Peñas Blancas Massif
El Salvador Alotepeque Range
Mexico Cerro Blanco, La Yerbabuena y Jotolchén (Jitotol)
Mexico Cerro Saybal-Cerro Cavahlná
Mexico Cerros de Chalchihuitán
Mexico Cerros de Tapalapa
Mexico Cordón Jolvit
Mexico El Tacaná
Mexico El Triunfo
Honduras Pico Bonito
Honduras Güisayote
Mexico La Sepultura
Mexico Lagos de Montebello
Mexico Montañas del Norte de Chiapas
Honduras Celaque
Honduras Sierra de Omao - Cusuco
Honduras La Tigra
Honduras Comayagua
Honduras Cerro Azul Meambar
Honduras Montaña de Yoro
Honduras Sierra de Agalta
Honduras La Muralla and surrounding area
Mexico Sierra Anover
Mexico Sierra Chixtontic-Sierra Canjá

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 900 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Pharomachrus mocinno. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/10/2020.