Relict Gull Larus relictus


Anon. 2016. China’s largest freshwater lake in desert shrinks by half; Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia point fingers. People's Daily Online. Available at:

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

He Fen-qi; Ren Yong-qi. 2006. Alternative choosing of breeding sites of those Ordos Relict Gulls. China Nature 4: 16-17.

He Fen-qi; Xing Xiao-jun; Ala Tungbao; Ren Yong-qi. 2005. Impact of climate charge to the breeding colonies of the Relict Gull. In: Li Dian-mo and Xu Ru-mei (eds), Species Endangerment and Conservation, pp. 291-309. Science Press, Beijing.

Rubini, B.; Berezovikov, N. N. 2002. The fluctuation of breeding numbers of Relict Gull Larus relictus on Lake Alakol (SE Kazakhstan): a review of surveys from 1968 to 2001. Acrocephalus 23(115): 185-188.

Tchebakova, N. M.; Parfenova, E.; Soya, A. J. 2009. The effects of climate, permafrost and fire on vegetation change in Siberia in a changing climate. Environmental Ressearch Letters 4.

Townshend, T. 2015. 10,000 Relict Gulls. Available at:

Wetland International - China Office. 2006. Relict Gull surveys in Hongjianao, Shaanxi Province. Newsletter of China Ornithological Society 15(2): 29.

Yang Liu; Holt, P. I.; Jin-yu Lei; Yu Zhang; Zheng-wang Zhang. 2006. Distribution, numbers and age structure of Relict Gull Larus relictus in Bohai Bay, China. Waterbirds 29(3): 375-380.

Further resources

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Larus relictus. Downloaded from on 20/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 20/03/2023.